Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/108794
Double stranded sperm DNA breaks, measured by comet assay, are associated with unexplained recurrent miscarriage in couples without a female factor
Ribas-Maynou, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)
García Peiró, Agustín (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)
Fernandez-Encinas, Alba (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)
Amengual, Maria José (Institut Universitari Parc Taulí)
Prada, Elena (Hospital Universitari Mutua de Terrassa. Servei de Ginecologia)
Cortés Garmendia, M. Pilar (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Genètica i Microbiologia)
Navarro i Ferreté, Joaquima (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)
Benet i Català, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

Data: 2012
Resum: It is known that sperm samples from recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) couples have an increase in their sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF), but no studies have been performed in order to identify differences between single stranded SDF (ssSDF) and double stranded SDF (dsSDF) in these patients. This could be relevant because the type of DNA damage could have different effects. Semen samples were classified attending their clinical status: 25 fertile donors and 20 RPL patients with at least two unexplained first trimester miscarriages. SDF was analysed using alkaline and neutral Comet assay, SCD test and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and ROC analysis including data from 105 more infertile patients (n = 150) was performed to establish predictive threshold values. SDF for alkaline and neutral Comet, and the SCD test was analysed in these categories of individuals. Data revealed the presence of two subgroups within fertile donors. The values obtained were 21. 10±9. 13, 23. 35±10. 45 and 12. 31±4. 31, respectively, for fertile donors with low values for both ssSDF and dsSDF; 27. 86±12. 64, 80. 69±12. 67 and 12. 43±5. 22, for fertile donors with low ssSDF and high dsSDF; and 33. 61±15. 50, 84. 64±11. 28 and 19. 28±6. 05, for unexplained RPL patients, also showing a low ssSDF and high dsSDF profile. This latter profile was seen in 85% of unexplained RPL and 33% of fertile donors, suggesting that it may be associated to a male risk factor for undergoing RPL. ROC analysis regarding recurrent miscarriage set the cut-off value at 77. 50% of dsDNA SDF. PFGE for low ssSDF and high dsSDF profile samples and positive controls treated with DNase, to induce dsDNA breaks, showed a more intense band of about 48 kb, which fits the toroid model of DNA compaction in sperm, pointing out that some nuclease activity may be affecting their sperm DNA in RPL patients. This work identifies a very specific SDF profile related to the paternal risk of having RPL.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Avortament espontani ; DNA ; Abortos de repetición ; Recurrent pregnancy loss
Publicat a: PLoS one, Vol. 7, Issue 9 (September 2012) , p. e44679, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044679


9 p, 481.6 KB

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