Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/108866
Increase in Th17 and T-reg lymphocytes and decrease of IL22 correlate with the recovery phase of acute EAE IN rat
Almolda Ardid, Beatriz (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Costa García, Manuela (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei de Cultius Cel·lulars, Producció d’Anticossos i Citometria)
Montoya Gonzalez, Maria (Fundació Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal)
González, Berta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Castellano López, Bernardo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)

Data: 2011
Resum: Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a well-established model of multiple sclerosis, is characterised by microglial activation and lymphocyte infiltration. Induction of EAE in Lewis rats produces an acute monophasic disease characterised by a single peak of disability followed by a spontaneous and complete recovery and a subsequent tolerance to further immunizations. In the current study we have performed a detailed analysis of the dynamics of different lymphocyte populations and cytokine profile along the induction, peak, recovery and post-recovery phases in this paradigm. MBP-injected rats were sacrificed attending exclusively to their clinical score, and the different populations of T-lymphocytes as well as the dynamics of different pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were analysed in the spinal cord by flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry and ELISA. Our results revealed that, during the induction and peak phases, in parallel to an increase in symptomatology, the number of CD3+ and CD4+ cells increased progressively, showing a Th1 phenotype, but unexpectedly during recovery, although clinical signs progressively decreased, the number and proportion of CD3+ and CD4+ populations remained unaltered. Interestingly, during this recovery phase, we observed a marked decrease of Th1 and an important increase in Th17 and T-reg cells. Moreover, our results indicate a specific cytokine expression profile along the EAE course characterized by no changes of IL10 and IL17 levels, decrease of IL21 on the peak, and high IL22 levels during the induction and peak phases that markedly decrease during recovery. In summary, these results revealed the existence of a specific pattern of lymphocyte infiltration and cytokine secretion along the different phases of the acute EAE model in Lewis rat that differs from those already described in chronic or relapsing-remitting mouse models, where Th17-cells were found mostly during the peak, suggesting a specific role of these lymphocytes and cytokines in the evolution of this acute EAE model.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Esclerosi múltiple ; Multiple sclerosis ; Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis
Publicat a: PLoS One, Vol. 6, Issue 11 (November 2011) , p. e27473, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027473


13 p, 3.0 MB

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut de Neurociències (INc)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2013-07-12, darrera modificació el 2016-11-07



   Favorit i Compartir