Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/113555
R/parallel – speeding up bioinformatics analysis with R
Vera Rodríguez, Gonzalo (University of Groningen. Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (Haren, Països Baixos))
Jansen, Ritsert C. (University of Groningen. Groningen Biomolecular Sciences and Biotechnology Institute (Haren, Països Baixos))
Suppi Boldrito, Remo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Arquitectura de Computadors i Sistemes Operatius)

Data: 2008
Resum: Background: R is the preferred tool for statistical analysis of many bioinformaticians due in part to the increasing number of freely available analytical methods. Such methods can be quickly reused and adapted to each particular experiment. However, in experiments where large amounts of data are generated, for example using high-throughput screening devices, the processing time required to analyze data is often quite long. A solution to reduce the processing time is the use of parallel computing technologies. Because R does not support parallel computations, several tools have been developed to enable such technologies. However, these tools require multiple modications to the way R programs are usually written or run. Although these tools can finally speed up the calculations, the time, skills and additional resources required to use them are an obstacle for most bioinformaticians. Results: We have designed and implemented an R add-on package, R/parallel, that extends R by adding user-friendly parallel computing capabilities. With R/parallel any bioinformatician can now easily automate the parallel execution of loops and benefit from the multicore processor power of today's desktop computers. Using a single and simple function, R/parallel can be integrated directly with other existing R packages. With no need to change the implemented algorithms, the processing time can be approximately reduced N-fold, N being the number of available processor cores. Conclusion: R/parallel saves bioinformaticians time in their daily tasks of analyzing experimental data. It achieves this objective on two fronts: first, by reducing development time of parallel programs by avoiding reimplementation of existing methods and second, by reducing processing time by speeding up computations on current desktop computers. Future work is focused on extending the envelope of R/parallel by interconnecting and aggregating the power of several computers, both existing office computers and computing clusters.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Publicat a: BMC Bioinformatics, Vol. 9, N. 390 (September 2008) , p. 1-6, ISSN 1471-2105

DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-9-390


6 p, 601.4 KB

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