Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/119180
Behavioral and neuroendocrine consequences of juvenile stress combined with adult immobilization in male rats
Fuentes García, Silvia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Carrasco Trancoso, Javier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Facultat de Biociències. Unitat de Fisiologia Animal)
Armario García, Antonio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)
Nadal i Alemany, Roser (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Neurociències)

Data: 2014
Resum: Exposure to stress during childhood and adolescence increases vulnerability to developing several psychopathologies in adulthood and alters the activity of the hypothalamic-pituitaryadrenal (HPA) axis, the prototypical stress system. Rodent models of juvenile stress appear to support this hypothesis because juvenile stress can result in reduced activity/exploration and enhanced anxiety, although results are not always consistent. Moreover, an in-depth characterization of changes in the HPA axis is lacking. In the present study, the long-lasting effects of juvenile stress on adult behavior and HPA function were evaluated in male rats. The juvenile stress consisted of a combination of stressors (cat odor, forced swim and footshock) during postnatal days 23-28. Juvenile stress reduced the maximum amplitude of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) levels (reduced peak at lights off), without affecting the circadian corticosterone rhythm, but other aspects of the HPA function (negative glucocorticoid feedback, responsiveness to further stressors and brain gene expression of corticotrophin- eleasing hormone and corticosteroid receptors) remained unaltered. The behavioral effects of juvenile stress itself at adulthood were modest (decreased activity in the circular corridor) with no evidence of enhanced anxiety. Imposition of an acute severe stressor (immobilization on boards, IMO) did not increase anxiety in control animals, as evaluated one week later in the elevated-plus maze (EPM), but it potentiated the acoustic startle response (ASR). However, acute IMO did enhance anxiety in the EPM, in juvenile stressed rats, thereby suggesting that juvenile stress sensitizes rats to the effects of additional stressors.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Prepubertal stress ; PTSD models ; HPA axis ; Anxiety ; Vulnerability ; Estrès prepuberal ; Models de PTSD ; Eix HPA ; Ansietat ; Vulnerabilitat
Publicat a: Hormones and Behavior, Vol. 66, No. 3 (July 2014) , p. 475-486, ISSN 0018-506X

DOI: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2014.07.003


Post-print
61 p, 1.0 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut de Neurociències (INc)
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 Registre creat el 2014-07-21, darrera modificació el 2016-06-04



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