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An autarkic science : physics, culture, and power in Franco's Spain
Roqué Rodríguez, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Centre d'Estudis d'Història de la Ciència)
Herrán, Néstor (Université Pierre et Marie Curie)

Data: 2013
Resum: We discuss the rise of modern physics in Spain during Francoism (1939–1975) within the context of culture, power, and the ongoing historical assessment of science during the dictatorship. Contrary to the idea that Francoist policy was indifferent if not hostile to modern science, and that ideology did not go deeper than the rhetorical surface, we discuss the ways in which the physical sciences took advantage of, and in turn were used by, the regime to promote international relations, further the autarkic economy, and ultimately generate power. In order to understand what physics meant within the National Catholic political order, we contrast the situation in the post–Civil War decades with the situation before the war. First we discuss how the war transformed the physicists’ community, molding it around certain key fields. We then turn to the work of right-wing ideologues and conservative scientists and philosophers, who stressed the spiritual dimension of the discipline and argued for the integration of science into the Christian scheme of the world. The cultural realignment of the discipline coincided with the institutional changes that harnessed physics to the military and economic needs of the autarkic state, which we discuss in the final section. To conclude, we reflect upon the demise of autarkic physics in the late 1960s and the overall implications of our argument with regard to the development of physics in Spain.
Nota: Published as An autarkic science : physis, culture, and power in Franco's Spain / Néstor Herran and Xavier Roqué, as appears in the print version of Historical studies in the natural science. © 2013 by the Regents of the University of California/Sponsoring Society or Association. Copying and permissions notice: Authorization to copy this content beyond fair use (as specified in Sections 107 and 108 of the U. S. Copyright Law) for internal or personal use, or the internal or personal use of specific clients, is granted by the Regents of the University of California/on behalf of the Sponsoring Society for libraries and other users, provided that they are registered with and pay the specified fee via Rightslink® on [JSTOR (] or directly with the Copyright Clearance Center,
Drets: Tots els drets reservats.
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Ciència ; Història ; S. XX ; Espanya ; 1939-1975, Franquisme
Publicat a: Historical studies in the natural sciences, Vol. 43, No. 2 (2013) , p. 202-235, ISSN 1939-182X

DOI: 10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.202

34 p, 404.6 KB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Centre d'Història de la Ciència (CEHIC)
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2014-09-26, darrera modificació el 2016-06-04

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