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Biomechanics of forearm rotation : force and efficiency of pronator teres
Ibáñez Gimeno, Pere (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Antropologia Biològica)
Galtés Vicente, Joan Ignasi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat de Medicina Legal i Forense)
Jordana Comín, Xavier (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Malgosa Morera, Assumpció (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat d'Antropologia Biològic)
Manyosa Ribatallada, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Unitat de Biofísica)

Data: 2014
Resum: Biomechanical models are useful to assess the effect of muscular forces on bone structure. Using skeletal remains, we analyze pronator teres rotational efficiency and its force components throughout the entire flexion-extension and pronation-supination ranges by means of a new biomechanical model and 3D imaging techniques, and we explore the relationship between these parameters and skeletal structure. The results show that maximal efficiency is the highest in full elbow flexion and is close to forearm neutral position for each elbow angle. The vertical component of pronator teres force is the highest among all components and is greater in pronation and elbow extension. The radial component becomes negative in pronation and reaches lower values as the elbow flexes. Both components could enhance radial curvature, especially in pronation. The model also enables to calculate efficiency and force components simulating changes in osteometric parameters. An increase of radial curvature improves efficiency and displaces the position where the radial component becomes negative towards the end of pronation. A more proximal location of pronator teres radial enthesis and a larger humeral medial epicondyle increase efficiency and displace the position where this component becomes negative towards forearm neutral position, which enhances radial curvature. Efficiency is also affected by medial epicondylar orientation and carrying angle. Moreover, reaching an object and bringing it close to the face in a close-to-neutral position improve efficiency and entail an equilibrium between the forces affecting the elbow joint stability. When the upper-limb skeleton is used in positions of low efficiency, implying unbalanced force components, it undergoes plastic changes, which improve these parameters. These findings are useful for studies on ergonomics and orthopaedics, and the model could also be applied to fossil primates in order to infer their locomotor form. Moreover, activity patterns in human ancient populations could be deduced from parameters reported here.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Biomecànica
Publicat a: PLoS one, Vol. 9, Num. 2 (Feb. 2014) , p. e90319, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090319

9 p, 678.3 KB

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