||Environmental Policies: The aims of the subject are: To review the economic analysis of main environmental problems as well as the different environmental policy tools. To understand the relationship between economic, social and ecological systems. To study the analytical tools of the economics of the environment. To analyse the main current debates in the field. Health Economics and Policy Analysis: The course will provide a broad overview of the field of health economics. It is designed to illustrate how economists analyze topics related to the production of health and the delivery of health care. The course will examine how standard concepts and methods in economics can be used to understand health-related decisions made by individuals and firms. It will also study the application of economics to health care policy, with a focus on how economic analysis can assist in the development of market and non-market solutions to various health care problems. We will focus on theories of microeconomics with specific applications to the health care system. Using economic analysis, the course will examine important health policy issues such as the integration of the health care delivery system, the role of government programs, the impact of competition and regulation on providers and patients, the design of health insurance plans, managed care, the value of health care, and strategies for containing health care costs and increasing access to health care. Particular attention will rely on the role of incentives in shaping the structure, conduct and performance of the health care sector. The goal of the course is to teach students to use basic economic principles to develop a better understanding of the health care sector and health policy issues.