Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/129606
Sexual reproductive cycle of the epibiotic soft coral Alcyonium coralloides (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea)
Quintanilla, Elena (Institut de Ciències del Mar)
Gili, Josep-Maria (Institut de Ciències del Mar)
López-González, Pablo J. (Universidad de Sevilla. Departamento de Zoología)
Tsounis, Georgios (Institut de Ciències del Mar)
Madurell, Teresa (Institut de Ciències del Mar)
Fiorillo, Ida (Institut de Ciències del Mar)
Rossi, Sergio (Rossi Heras) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)

Data: 2013
Resum: Alcyonium coralloides is an epibiotic soft coral overgrowing living colonies of Mediterranean gorgonians. The main features of the sexual reproductive cycle of this soft coral species are described and quantified for the first time, in a population found at 18 to 22 m depth off the Medes Islands (NW Mediterranean). A. coralloides is a gonochoric internal brooder. The sexual cycle showed a single reproductive event per year. Gametogenesis took 5 to 6 mo, which is the shortest known gametogenesis in littoral octocorals (especially for oogenesis). The maximum mean ± SD diameter was 365 ± 86 μm for spermatic cysts and 632 ± 125 μm for mature oocytes. Sperm was released in spring (late May). Average male and female fecundity in this last phase of the cycle was 15 ± 9 spermatic cysts and 7 ± 4 oocytes per polyp, respectively. Larvae of about 1000 μm in length were observed in the gastrovascular cavities of female colonies in May, before they were released in June. We suggest that the remarkable short gametogenesis and timing shown by A. coralloides is an adaptation to optimize the colonization of its host (in this case the gorgonian octocoral Paramuricea clavata). We conclude that A. coralloides larvae could be ready to settle in early summer when the host P. clavata is probably more vulnerable as a result of its own reproductive cycle coming to an end.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Alcyonium coralloides ; Paramuricea clavata ; Epibiosis ; Reproductive effort ; Soft corals ; Reproductive coupling ; Gametogenesis
Publicat a: Aquatic Biology, Vol. 18 No. 2 (2013) , p. 113-124, ISSN 1864-7782

DOI: 10.3354/ab00493


12 p, 2.1 MB

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 Registre creat el 2015-02-24, darrera modificació el 2016-06-04



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