Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/133094
How do biosphere reserves influence local vulnerability and adaptation? Evidence from Latin America
Ruiz Mallén, Isabel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Corbera, Esteve (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Calvo-Boyero, Diana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Reyes García, Victòria, (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Browne, Katrina (University of Exeter. Environment and Sustainability Institute)

Data: 2015
Resum: Resource management regulations, such as those associated with the establishment of protected areas, can increase vulnerability and compromise individual and collective agency for adaptation. In this article, we comparatively analyse how four rural communities located within two biosphere reserves in Mexico and Bolivia experience vulnerability and adaptation to global change. We use focus groups, interviews and scoring exercises to analyse the influence of reserve management practices on locally perceived changes and stresses on livelihoods, and to discuss communities’ coping and adaptation strategies. We show that both reserves are perceived as a source of stress but somewhat differently. In Mexico, communities feel vulnerable to the reserve's regulations but less to climatic and economic stresses, whereas in Bolivia communities perceive the insufficient enforcement of the reserve's rules as the most relevant stress to their livelihoods. Most of household-based and collective adaptations to environmental change have been adopted without the support of the biosphere reserves. We discuss how and why the biosphere reserves contribute to local vulnerability and why their role in enhancing local adaptation is limited.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/282899
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RYC-2010-07183
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Adaptation ; Adaptació ; Biodiversity conservation ; Conservació de la biodiversitat ; Bolivia ; Bolívia ; Mexico ; Mèxic ; Protected area ; Àrea protegida ; Vulnerability ; Vulnerabilitat
Publicat a: Global environmental change, Vol. 33 (July 2015) , p. 97-108, ISSN 0959-3780

DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2015.05.002


Disponible a partir de: 2018-07-31
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 Registre creat el 2015-07-01, darrera modificació el 2016-06-09



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