Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/141328
Long-Term Assessment of Wild Boar Harvesting and Cattle Removal for Bovine Tuberculosis Control in Free Ranging Populations
Mentaberre García, Gregorio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS))
Romero, Beatriz (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
Juan Ferré, Lucía de (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
Navarro González, Nora (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS))
Velarde i Nieto, Roser (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS))
Mateos, Ana (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
Marco Sánchez, Ignasi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS))
Olivé-Boix, Xavier (Reserva Nacional de Caça dels Ports de Tortosa i Beseit (Roquetes, Catalunya))
Domínguez Rodríguez, Lucas (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Sanidad Animal)
Lavín González, Santiago (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS))
Serrano Ferron, Emmanuel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS))

Data: 2014
Resum: Wild boar is a recognized reservoir of bovine tuberculosis (TB) in the Mediterranean ecosystems, but information is scarce outside of hotspots in southern Spain. We describe the first high-prevalence focus of TB in a non-managed wild boar population in northern Spain and the result of eight years of TB management. Measures implemented for disease control included the control of the local wild boar population through culling and stamping out of a sympatric infected cattle herd. Post-mortem inspection for detection of tuberculosis-like lesions as well as cultures from selected head and cervical lymph nodes was done in 745 wild boar, 355 Iberian ibexes and five cattle between 2004 and 2012. The seasonal prevalence of TB reached 70% amongst adult wild boar and ten different spoligotypes and 13 MIRU-VNTR profiles were detected, although more than half of the isolates were included in the same clonal complex. Only 11% of infected boars had generalized lesions. None of the ibexes were affected, supporting their irrelevance in the epidemiology of TB. An infected cattle herd grazed the zone where 168 of the 197 infected boars were harvested. Cattle removal and wild boar culling together contributed to a decrease in TB prevalence. The need for holistic, sustained over time, intensive and adapted TB control strategies taking into account the multi-host nature of the disease is highlighted. The potential risk for tuberculosis emergence in wildlife scenarios where the risk is assumed to be low should be addressed.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Tuberculosis ; Cattle ; Bovine tuberculosis ; Wildlife ; Infectious disease control ; Mycobacterium tuberculosis ; Mycobacterium bovis ; Veterinary diseases
Publicat a: PLoS one, Vol. 9, Issue 2 (February 2014) , p.e88824, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088824


12 p, 1018.3 KB

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