Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/142720
Environmental cultures and hospital-acquired Legionnaires' disease : a 5-year prospective study in 20 hospitals in Catalonia, Spain.
Sabrià Leal, Miquel (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
Modol Deltell, Josep Maria (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
García Núñez, Marian (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
Reynaga Sosa, Esteban Alberto (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
Pedro-Botet Montoya, Ma Luisa (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
Sopena Galindo, Nieves (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
Rey-Joly Barroso, Celestino (Institut Germans Trias i Pujol. Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Data: 2004
Resum: Objective: To determine whether environmental cultures for Legionella increase the index of suspicion for legionnaires' disease (LD). Design: Five-year prospective study. Setting: Twenty hospitals in Catalonia, Spain. Methods: From 1994 to 1996, the potable water systems of 20 hospitals in Catalonia were tested for Legionella, Cases of hospital-acquired LD and availability of an “in-house” Legionella test in the previous 4 years were assessed. After the hospitals were informed of the results of their water cultures, a prospective 5-year-study was conducted focusing on the detection of new cases of nosocomial legionellosis and the availability and use of Legionella testing. Results: Before environmental cultures were started, only one hospital had conducted active surveillance of hospital-acquired pneumonia and used Legionella tests including Legionella urinary antigen in all pneumonia cases. Only one other hospital had used the latter test at all. In six hospitals, Legionella tests had been completely unavailable. Cases of nosocomial LD had been diagnosed in the previous 4 years in only two hospitals. During prospective surveillance, 12 hospitals (60%) used Legionella urinary antigen testing in house and 11 (55%) found cases of nosocomial legionellosis, representing 64. 7% (11 of 17) of those with positive water cultures. Hospitals with negative water cultures did not find nosocomial LD. Conclusions: The environmental study increased the index of suspicion for nosocomial LD. The number of cases of nosocomial LD increased significantly during the prospective follow-up period, and most hospitals began using the Legionella urinary antigen test in their laboratories.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Legionella ; Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia ; Environmental Legionellosis
Publicat a: Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, Vol. 25, Issue 12 (December 2004) , ISSN 0899-823X

DOI: 10.1017/S019594170007750X


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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències de la salut i biociències > Institut d'Investigació en Ciencies de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol (IGTP)
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