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Scopus: 10 cites, Web of Science: 10 cites,
Soil bioassays as tools for sludge compost quality assessment
Domene, X. (Xavier) (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Solà i Sau, Laura (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Ramírez Hernández, Wilson Ariel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Alcañiz, Josep M. (Josep Maria) (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Andrés Pastor, Pilar (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)

Data: 2011
Resum: Composting is a waste management technology that is becoming more widespread as a response to the increasing production of sewage sludge and the pressure for its reuse in soil. In this study, different bioassays (plant germination, earthworm survival, biomass and reproduction, and collembolan survival and reproduction) were assessed for their usefulness in the compost quality assessment. Compost samples, from two different composting plants, were taken along the composting process, which were characterized and submitted to bioassays (plant germination and collembolan and earthworm performance). Results from our study indicate that the noxious effects of some of the compost samples observed in bioassays are related to the low organic matter stability of composts and the enhanced release of decomposition endproducts, with the exception of earthworms, which are favored. Plant germination and collembolan reproduction inhibition was generally associated with uncomposted sludge, while earthworm total biomass and reproduction were enhanced by these materials. On the other hand, earthworm and collembolan survival were unaffected by the degree of composting of the wastes. However, this pattern was clear in one of the composting procedures assessed, but less in the other, where the release of decomposition endproducts was lower due to its higher stability, indicating the sensitivity and usefulness of bioassays for the quality assessment of composts.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MEC/CTM2006-14163-C02-01/TECNO
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Publicat a: Waste Management, Vol. 31 Issue 3 (March 2011) , p. 512-522, ISSN 0956-053X

DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2010.10.013

36 p, 1.0 MB

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