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Visible ozone-like injury, defoliation, and mortality in two Pinus uncinata stands in the Catalan Pyrenees (NE Spain)
Díaz de Quijano Barbero, Maria (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Kefauver, Shawn (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Ogaya Inurrigarro, Romà (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Vollenweider, Pierre (Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL)
Ribas Artola, Àngela (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)

Data: 2016
Resum: Ozone concentrations in the Pyrenees have exceeded the thresholds for forest protection since 1994. We surveyed the severity of visible O₃ injuries, crown defoliation, and tree mortality of Pinus uncinata, the dominant species in subalpine forests in this mountain range, along two altitudinal and O₃ gradients in the central Catalan Pyrenees and analysed their relationships with the local environmental conditions. The severity of visible O₃ injuries increased with increasing mean annual [O₃] when summer water availability was high (summer precipitation/potential evapotranspiration above 0. 96), whereas higher [O₃] did not produce more visible injuries during drier conditions. Mean crown defoliation and tree mortality ranged between 20. 4–66. 4 and 0. 6–29. 6 %, respectively, depending on the site. Both were positively correlated with the accumulated O₃ exposure during the last 5 years and with variables associated with soil–water availability, which favours greater O₃ uptake by increasing stomatal conductance. The results indicate that O₃ contributed to the crown defoliation and tree mortality, although further research is clearly warranted to determine the contributions of the multiple stress factors to crown defoliation and mortality in P. uncinata stands in the Catalan Pyrenees.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/610028
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CGL2013-48074-P
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014/SGR-274
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Ozone ; Pyrenees ; Pinus uncinata ; Visible ozone injury ; Defoliation ; Mortality
Publicat a: European journal of forest research, Vol. 135, Issue 4 (Aug. 2016) , p. 687–696, ISSN 1612-4669

DOI: 10.1007/s10342-016-0964-9

Disponible a partir de: 2017-08-30

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) > Imbalance-P
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 Registre creat el 2016-07-06, darrera modificació el 2016-11-16

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