Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/165466
Orthophragminids with new axial thickening structures from the Bartonian of the Indian subcontinent
Özcan, E. (Istanbul Technical University. Department of Geological Engineering)
Kumar Saraswati, P. (Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. Department of Earth Sciences)
Hanif, M. (University of Peshawar. National Centre of Excellence in Geology)
Ali, N. (University of Peshawar. Department of Geology)

Data: 2016
Resum: The ‘axial thickening’, a morphological character of certain Eocene orthophragminids refers to the thickening of the equatorial and/or lateral layers in axial directions forming radial external structures, namely the ribs. The occurrence of ribs is considered to be a diagnostic specific character of the orthophragminids in the peri-Mediterranean region and Europe (western Tethys). In the Bartonian orthophragminids of the Indian subcontinent we observe a new type of axial thickening that we name ‘bulges’. The bulges are semi-rounded to rounded, localized structures on the test surface formed solely by the greater development of lateral chamberlets. These specimens, with trybliolepidine to umbilicolepidine type embryon configuration, co-occur with ribbed discocyclinids having completely different internal features. We also record another type of axial thickening of the lateral layers in notably small omphaloid tests that are characterized by a thick umbo, deeply depressed at the center such that the periphery of it forms a thick circular structure. The reported omphaloid specimens possess a small, semiisolepidine to nephrolepidine type embryon configuration and characteristic early chambers, not comparable to any known species in the Tethys. These specimens occasionally may have incomplete and/or irregular septula, reminiscent of certain Caribbean orthophragminids. The specimens with bulges, identified in two geographically distant regions of the Indian subcontinent, possibly represent endemic foraminiferal fauna confined to the Indo-Pakistan region. We introduce two new species, Discocyclina kutchensis sp. nov. (characterized by bulges) and ‘D’. sulaimanensis sp. nov. (characterized by circular structures in omphaloid tests). The status of both taxa in the Tethys is discussed.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre i quan aquestes es distribueixin sota la mateixa llicència que regula l'obra original i es reconegui l'autoria. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Bulges ; Ribs ; Discocyclina kutchensis sp. nov. ; Orthophragmines ; Eocene
Publicat a: Geologica acta, Vol. 14 Núm. 3 (September 2016) , p. 261-282 (Articles) , ISSN 1696-5728

Adreça alternativa: http://www.raco.cat/index.php/GeologicaActa/article/view/312904
DOI: 10.1344/GeologicaActa2016.14.3.5


22 p, 12.8 MB

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