Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/59923
A Quantitative Approach to FL Learner Oral Data : methodological Issues
Evnitskaya, Natalia
Grup LIEC (Llengua i Ensenyament de les Ciències)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
III Trobada sobre semi-immersió a Catalunya (3era : 2009, 28-29 de abril : Barcelona)
I Taula rodona internacional sobre programes AICLE (1era : 2009, 28-29 de abril : Barcelona)

Títol variant: Llegir per aprendre i per desenvolupar el pensament crític
Data: 2009
Resum: This paper proposal presents an exploratory study in which the T-unit - the most popular unit of analysis applied in SLA research - was tested against FL learner empirical data. The aim was to investigate its appropriateness and effectiveness for the assessment of complexity of learners’ academic explanatory oral production in the target language. Suggested by Hunt (1970) to measure schoolchildren’ syntactic maturity in writing, it is defined as “a main clause plus all subordinate clauses and non-clausal structures attached to or embedded in it”. The analysed empirical data were audio recordings of FL learners’ individual pretests and posttests gathered during the implementation of a CLIL teaching sequence (Natural Sciences in English) in a Catalan state secondary school (Barcelona, Spain). In order to achieve the posed aim we followed a traditional SLA research practice in the area of written and oral learner discourse measurement and worked within the quantitative approach. Thus, the procedures to be taken were the following: (1) data segmentation into T-units according to the unit’s definition and (2) data quantification by applying the T-unit to the data. For the latter, the chosen measures were: (a) two Frequencies (Unit Frequency and Unit Length Frequency) which could reveal the progress in general complexity and two Ratios (Clause Ratio and Subordinate Clause Ratio) which could provide information about syntactic complexity. However, already in the first phase of the analysis we were faced with several methodological problems related to the spoken nature of the data. First reason was the fact that the definition of the selected research tool turned out to be too wide and ambiguous when being applied to low-intermediate FL learner monologic spoken discourse. And secondly, having revised the studies on L2 and FL non-interactive production, we found very few ones that provided either guidelines for segmenting the data into T-units or any examples of their data segmented into analyzable units. Being especially interested in previous research made on the assessment of low level learners’ explanatory spoken language complexity through the application of the T-unit, we found that none of the reviewed studies worked with the same type of the data and thus could serve as a reliable source for consulting. The analysis revealed that in the segmentation process the analytic tool resulted to be little appropriate for dealing with our data since it raised serious methodological issues which it was unable to resolve. In our opinion, this owes to the proper nature of the T-unit which was developed for the formal assessment of learner written syntactic maturity. However, in relation to the data quantification, the measures showed that the tool turned out to be useful not only in identifying the progress in complexity of the produced language attributable to the treatment but also in distinguishing between those who achieved this progress and those who did not. Still, to make any generalizations over the appropriateness and effectiveness of the selected tool both for data segmentation and measurement an examination of a larger corpus is highly recommended.
Nota: III Colloquium on Semi-Immersion in Catalonia
Nota: III Encuentro sobre Semi-Inmersión en Cataluña
Drets: Aquests documents estan subjectes a una llicència d'ús de Creative Commons, amb la qual es permet copiar, distribuir i comunicar públicament l'obra sempre que se'n citin l'autor original, la universitat i el congrés i no se'n faci cap ús comercial ni obra derivada, tal com queda estipulat en la llicència d'ús Creative Commons
Llengua: Castellà
Document: conferenceObject
Matèria: Semiimmersió ; Semiinmersión ; Semiimmersion ; Immersió ; Inmersión ; AICLE ; CLIL ; GREIP ; CLIL-SI ; ICE UAB ; Integració ; Integración ; Integration ; Bilingüisme ; Bilingüismo ; Bilingualism ; Plurilingüisme ; Plurilingüismo ; Plurilingualism ; Multilingüisme ; Multilingüismo ; Multilingualism ; Educació plurilingüe ; Educación plurilingüe ; Plurilingual education ; Ensenyament de llengües ; Enseñanza de lenguas ; Language teaching ; Llengua estrangera ; Lengua extranjera ; Foreign language ; Segona llengua ; Aprenentatge de llengües ; Segunda lengua ; Second language ; Adquisició de llengües ; Aprendizaje de lenguas ; Language learning ; Didàctica de la llengua ; Adquisición de lenguas ; Language acquisition ; TEFL ; Didàctica ; Didáctica de la lengua ; Didáctica ; Language pedagogy ; Formació del professorat de llengua ; Formación del profesorado de lengua ; Teacher Education ; Teacher Training
Publicat a: Trobada sobre semi-immersió a Catalunya. Barcelona, Catalunya, 3a : 2009
Taula rodona internacional sobre programes AICLE. Barcelona, Catalunya, 1a : 2009



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