ERC Synergy grant - 2013 - 610028: Quantify the responses of ecosystems and society in a world increasingly rich in N and C but limited in Phosphorus

P is an earthbound and finite element and the prospect of constrained access to mineable P resources has already triggered geopolitical disputes. In contrast to P, availabilities of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) to ecosystems are rapidly increasing in most areas of the globe. The resulting imminent change in the stoichiometry of available elements will have no equivalent in the Earth’s history and will bear profound, yet, unknown consequences for life, the Earth System and human society. The ongoing shifts in C:N:P balances in ecosystems will necessarily affect the structure, function and diversity of the Earth system. P-market crises might put pressure on the global food system and create environmental ripple effects ranging from expansion of agricultural land to P-price-induced changes in land management exacerbating the stoichiometric resource imbalance. Yet, the impacts of this unprecedented human disturbance of elemental stoichiometry remain a research enigma. IMBALANCE-P will provide improved understanding and quantitative foresight to formulate a range of policy options that will contain the risks and mitigate the consequences of stoichiometric imbalances in the Earth System. It will integrate some of Europe's leading integrated assessment and Earth system models, calibrated using ecosystem nutrient limitation data obtained from field experiments. The project will establish an international process of science-based P-diplomacy.

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2020-02-21
16:28
20 p, 593.1 KB Nitrogen and phosphorus constrain the CO2 fertilization of global plant biomass / Terrer, César (Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Jackson, Robert B. (Stanford University. Department of Earth System Science) ; Prentice, Iain Colin (Imperial College London. Department of Life Sciences) ; Keenan, Trevor F. (UC Berkeley. Department of Environmental Science, Policy and Management) ; Kaiser, Christina (University of Vienna. Department of Microbiology and Ecosystem Science) ; Vicca, Sara (University of Antwerp. Biology Department. Centre of Excellence PLECO (Plants and Ecosystems)) ; Fisher, Joshua B. (University of California at Los Angeles. Joint Institute for Regional Earth System Science and Engineering) ; Reich, Peter B. (University of Minnesota. Department of Forest Resources) ; Stocker, Benjamin. (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Hungate, Bruce A. (Northern Arizona University. Department of Biological Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; McCallum, Ian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria)) ; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A. (Leiden University. Environmental Biology Department) ; Cernusak, Lucas A. (James Cook University. College of Marine and Environmental Sciences (Australia)) ; Talhelm, Alan F. (University of Idaho. Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences) ; Van Sundert, Kevin (University of Antwerp. Biology Department. Centre of Excellence PLECO (Plants and Ecosystems)) ; Piao, Shilong (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research)
Elevated CO2 (eCO2) experiments provide critical information to quantify the effects of rising CO2 on vegetation. Many eCO2 experiments suggest that nutrient limitations modulate the local magnitude of the eCO2 effect on plant biomass but the global extent of these limitations has not been empirically quantified, complicating projections of the capacity of plants to take up CO2. [...]
2019 - 10.1038/s41558-019-0545-2
Nature Climate Change, Vol. 9, Issue 9 (September 2019) , p. 684-689  
2020-02-12
18:36
Encroachment of shrubs into subalpine grasslands in the Pyrenees changes the plant-soil stoichiometry spectrum / Urbina Barreto, Ifigenia (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Grau Fernández, Oriol (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ninot Sugrañes, Josep M. (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Aims: shrub encroachment has been reported over a large proportion of the subalpine grasslands across Europe and is expected to have an important impact on the biogeochemical cycle of these ecosystems. [...]
2020 - 10.1007/s11104-019-04420-3
Plant and soil, 2020  
2020-02-12
14:37
Antibiotic Resistomes in Plant Microbiomes / Chen, Qing-Lin (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment) ; Cui, Hui-Ling (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences) ; Su, Jian-Qiang (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Zhu, Yong-Guan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment)
Microorganisms associated with plants may alter the traits of the human microbiome important for human health, but this alteration has largely been overlooked. The plant microbiome is an interface between plants and the environment, and provides many ecosystem functions such as improving nutrient uptake and protecting against biotic and abiotic stress. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.tplants.2019.02.010
Trends in plant science, Vol. 24, Issue 6 (June 2019) , p. 530-541  
2020-02-12
14:34
35 p, 1021.3 KB Fire facilitates warming-induced upward shifts of alpine treelines by altering interspecific interactions / Wang, Yafeng (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Case, Bradley (Auckland University of Technology (New Zealand)) ; Lu, Xiaoming (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Ellison, Aaron M. (Harvard University. Harvard Forest) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Zhu, Haifeng (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Liang, Eryuan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Camarero, J. Julio (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología - CSIC)
Biotic interactions between trees and other plants may modulate the responses of alpine treelines to climate. Moderate disturbances could, therefore, accelerate upward shifts of alpine treelines as the climate warms by reducing the coverage of competitor plants and resetting interspecific interactions. [...]
2019 - 10.1007/s00468-019-01841-6
Trees, structure and function, Vol. 33 (March 2019) , p. 1051-1061  
2020-02-12
14:29
Coupled steel slag and biochar amendment correlated with higher methanotrophic abundance and lower CH₄ emission in subtropical paddies / Wang, Miaoying (Fujian Normal University. College of Life Science) ; Wang, Chun (Fujian Normal University. Key Laboratory of Humid Sub-tropical Eco-geographical Process) ; Lan, Xingfu (Fujian Normal University. College of Life Science) ; Abid, Abbas Ali (Zhejiang University. Key Laboratory of Environment Remediation and Ecological Health) ; Xu, Xuping (Fujian Normal University. College of Life Science) ; Singla, Ankit (Regional Centre of Organic Farming (Odisha, Índia)) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Llusià Benet, Joan (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Wang, Weiqi (Fujian Normal University. Key Laboratory of Humid Sub-tropical Eco-geographical Process)
Aerobic methanotrophs in paddies serve as methane (CH₄) filters and thereby reduce CH₄ emissions. Amending soil with waste products can mitigate CH₄ emissions in crops, but little is known about the impacts of amendments with steel slag and biochar on the populations and activities of aerobic methanotrophs in rice cropland. [...]
2020 - 10.1007/s10653-019-00378-4
Environmental geochemistry and health, Vol. 42, issue 2 (Feb. 2020) , p. 483-497  
2020-02-12
12:22
13 p, 715.7 KB The physics and ecology of mining carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by ecosystems / Baldocchi, Dennis (University of California at Berkeley. Department of Environmental Science) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Reforesting and managing ecosystems have been proposed as ways to mitigate global warming and offset anthropogenic carbon emissions. The intent of our opinion piece is to provide a perspective on how well plants and ecosystems sequester carbon. [...]
2019 - 10.1111/gcb.14559
Global change biology, Vol. 25, issue 4 (April 2019) , p. 1191-1197  
2020-02-12
12:02
16 p, 1.6 MB Isotopic methods for non-destructive assessment of carbon dynamics in shrublands under long-term climate change manipulation / Andresen, Louise C. (University of Amsterdam. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics) ; Maria T. Domínguez (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (UK)) ; Reinsch, Sabine (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (UK)) ; Smith, Andrew R. (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (UK)) ; Schmidt, Inger K. (University of Copenhagen. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Ambus, Per (University of Copenhagen. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Beier, Claus (Norwegian Institute for Water Research. Centre for Catchments and Urban Water Research) ; Boeckx, Pascal (Ghent University. Isotope Bioscience Laboratory) ; Bol, Roland (University of Amsterdam. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics) ; de Dato, Giovanbattista (University of Tuscia. Department for Innovation in Biological, Agro-food and Forest systems) ; Emmett, Bridget A. (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (UK)) ; Estiarte, Marc (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Garnett, Mark H. (NERC Radiocarbon Facility (UK)) ; Kröel-Dulay, György (Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Institute of Ecology and Botany) ; Mason, Sharon L. (University of Amsterdam. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics) ; Nielsen, Cecilie S. (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Department of Forest Ecology and Management) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Tietema, Albert (University of Amsterdam. Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics)
Long-term climate change experiments are extremely valuable for studying ecosystem responses to environmental change. Examination of the vegetation and the soil should be non-destructive to guarantee long-term research. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/2041-210X.12963
Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 9, Issue 4 (April 2018) , p. 866-880  
2020-02-12
11:56
28 p, 579.3 KB Human dissemination of genes and microorganisms in Earth's Critical Zone / Zhu, Yong-Guan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment) ; Gillings, Michael (Macquarie University. Department of Biological Sciences (Australia)) ; Simonet, Pascal (Université de Lyon. Groupe de génomique microbienne environnementale) ; Stekel, Dov (University of Nottingham) ; Banwart, Steven (The University of Sheffield. Department of Geography) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Earth's Critical Zone sustains terrestrial life and consists of the thin planetary surface layer between unaltered rock and the atmospheric boundary. Within this zone, flows of energy and materials are mediated by physical processes and by the actions of diverse organisms. [...]
2017 - 10.1111/gcb.14003
Global change biology, Vol. 24, Issue 4 (April 2018) , p. 1488-1499  
2020-02-12
11:53
39 p, 869.1 KB Light inhibition of foliar respiration in response to soil water availability and seasonal changes in temperature Mediterranean holm oak. (quercus ilex forest) / Turnbull, Matthew H. (University of Canterbury. Centre for Integrative Ecology (New Zealand)) ; Ogaya Inurrigarro, Romà (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Barbeta i Margarit, Adrià (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Zaragoza Castells, Joana (University of Exeter. Geography) ; Atkin, Owen K. (The Australian National University. Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology) ; Valladares, Fernando (Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales - CSIC) ; Gimeno, Teresa E. (University of Western Sydney. Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment) ; Pías, Beatriz (Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Departamento de Botánica) ; Griffin, Kevin L. I (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University)
In the present study we investigated variations in leaf respiration in darkness (RD) and light (RL), and associated traits in response to season, and along a gradient of soil moisture, in Mediterranean woodland dominated by holm oak (Quercus ilex L. [...]
2017 - 10.1071/FP17032
Functional plant biology, Vol. 44, Issue 12 (2017) , p. 1178-1193  
2020-02-12
11:47
31 p, 1.5 MB Critical temperature and precipitation thresholds for the onset of xylogenesis of Juniperus przewalskii in a semi-arid area of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau / Ren, Ping (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Rossi, Sergio (Rossi Heras) (Université du Québec à Chicoutimi. Département des Sciences Fondamentales) ; Camarero, J. Julio (Instituto Pirenaico de Ecología - CSIC) ; Ellison, Aaron M. (Harvard University) ; Liang, Eryuan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
Background and Aims. The onset of xylogenesis plays an important role in tree growth and carbon sequestration, and it is thus a key variable in modelling the responses of forest ecosystems to climate change. [...]
2018 - 10.1093/aob/mcx188
Annals of Botany, Vol. 121, Issue 4 (March 2018) , p. 617-624