Sustainability and Environmental Protection (Sostenipra)

The objectives of the Research group Sustainability and Environmental Protection (Sostenipra) are to develop and apply tools for the sustainability and environmental protection. These tools within the Industrial Ecology framework are Life Cycle Analysis (LCA), ecodesign, ecoefficiency, material and energy flow analysis applied to different scales such as a process or a product, regional, national or global. These tools are applied to prioritized sectors, such as services, biomass and agriculture, the chemical industry, waste management, urban systems, forest and natural landscape.
SostniPrA is made up of researchers and professors from (ICTA) Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals the department of Chemical Engineering of the UAB, IRTA Cabrils (Institut de Recerca en Tecnologia Agroalimentària) , and the spin-off company Inedit Innovació. The group also teaches in the masters program of Environmental Studies of the UAB , and the JEMES and the JEMES program, supervising both masters and doctoral thesis.

   
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2019-04-01
10:43
Environmental assessment at the urban level combining LCA-GIS methodologies : A case study of energy retrofits in the Barcelona metropolitan area / García Pérez, Sergio (Universidad de Zaragoza) ; Sierra-Pérez, Jorge (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Boschmonart-Rives, Jesús (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
This study proposes a combined life cycle assessment (LCA) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) methodology to develop complex LCA inventories for multiple applications. The study focusses on the environmental implications of buildings retrofits, especially in the European context, where the building sector is one of the largest energy consumers. [...]
2018 - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2018.01.041
Building and Environment, Vol. 134 (April 2018) , p. 191-204  
2019-03-26
09:41
11 p, 1.7 MB Agronomic and Environmental Assessment of a Polyculture Rooftop Soilless Urban Home Garden in a Mediterranean City / Boneta, Anna (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Rufí Salís, Martí (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Ercilla Montserrat, Mireia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Urban planning has been focusing its attention on urban rooftop agriculture as an innovative way to produce local and reliable food in unused spaces in cities. However, there is a lack of quantitative data on soilless urban home gardens and their contribution to self-sufficiency. [...]
2019 - 10.3389/fpls.2019.00341
Frontiers in Plan Science, Vol. 10 (March 2019) , art. 341  
2019-02-20
12:00
30 p, 1.4 MB Transforming rooftops into productive urban spaces in the Mediterranean : an LCA comparison of agri-urban production and photovoltaic energy generation / Corcelli, F. (Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope". Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia) ; Fiorentino, G. (Università degli Studi di Napoli "Parthenope". Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia) ; Petit, Anna (Petit Boix) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
A key strategy towards sustainable urban development is designing cities for increased circular metabolism. The transformation of areas underused, such as urban rooftops, into productive spaces is being increasingly implemented as a result of associated multiple benefits. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.01.040
Resources, conservation and recycling, Vol. 144 (May 2019) , p. 321-336
2 documents
2018-11-28
10:47
14 p, 1.6 MB Towards productive cities : environmental assessment of the food‐energy‐water nexus of the urban roof mosaic / Toboso‐Chavero, Susana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Nadal, Ana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Petit, Anna (Petit Boix) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Pons, Oriol (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Tecnologia de l'Arquitectura) ; Villalba Méndez, Gara (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Josa, Alejandro (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental) ; Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Cities are rapidly growing and need to look for ways to optimize resource consumption. Metropolises are especially vulnerable in three main systems, often referred to as the FEW (i. e. , food, energy, and water) nexus. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/jiec.12829
Journal of industrial ecology, First published: 26 November 2018  
2018-11-27
10:12
Sustainability assessment of home-made solar cookers for use in developed countries / Mendoza, Joan Manuel F. (The University of Manchester. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science) ; Gallego-Schmid, Alejandro (The University of Manchester. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science) ; Schmidt Rivera, Ximena C. (The University of Manchester. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science) ; Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Azapagic, Adisa (The University of Manchester. School of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Science)
The sustainability benefits of using solar cookers in developing countries have been analysed widely in the literature. However, the sustainability potential of solar cookers in developed economies has not been explored yet, which is the topic of this paper. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.125
Science of the total environment, Vol. 648 (Jan. 2019) , p.184-196  
2018-11-27
09:48
Environmental effects of using different construction codes applied to reinforced concrete beam designs based on Model Code 2010 and Spanish Standard EHE-08 / Almirall, Cristina (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental) ; Petit, Anna (Petit Boix) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Sanjuan Delmás, David (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; De la Fuente, Albert (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental) ; Pujadas, Pablo (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament de Projectes Arquitectònics) ; Josa, Alejandro (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental)
Assuming specific behavior models, the variety of design codes currently used for the design of concrete beams inevitably results in different solutions, ensuring service during the whole expected lifetime with a maximum functional quality and safety. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.engstruct.2018.11.013
Engineering structures, Vol. 179 (Jan. 2019) , p. 438-447  
2018-11-26
11:55
Carbon footprint of tourism in Barcelona / Rico, Anna (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Martínez Blanco, Julia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Montlleó, Marc (Barcelona Regional. Urban Development Agency) ; Rodríguez, Gustavo (Barcelona Regional. Urban Development Agency) ; Tavares, Nuno (Barcelona Regional. Urban Development Agency) ; Arias Sans, Albert (Barcelona City Council) ; Oliver i Solà, Jordi (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
This study evaluates the carbon footprint (CF) of Barcelona tourist activity taking into account the above 30 million visitors who visit the city every year. This study analyzes the main sources of emissions considering direct (Scope 1) and indirect emissions (Scope 2 and 3) as a consequence of energy use. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.tourman.2018.09.012
Tourism management, Vol. 70 (Feb. 2019) , p. 491-504  
2018-10-26
12:50
Rainwater harvesting systems reduce detergent use / Vargas Parra, María Violeta (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Rovira Val, Ma. Rosa (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Villalba Méndez, Gara (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Purpose: Due to population growth, urban water demand is expected to increase significantly, as well as the environmental and economic costs required to supply it. Rainwater harvesting (RWH) systems can play a key role in helping cities meet part of their water demand as an alternative to conventional water abstraction and treatment. [...]
2018 - 10.1007/s11367-018-1535-8
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2018  
2018-10-22
10:31
Integrated life cycle assessment and thermodynamic simulation of a public building’s envelope renovation: Conventional vs. Passivhaus proposal / Sierra-Pérez, Jorge (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Rodríguez Soria, Beatriz (Centro Universitario de la Defensa) ; Boschmonart-Rives, Jesús (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental) ; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
The need to improve the energy efficiency of buildings has introduced the concept of nearly zero-energy buildings into European energy policies. Moreover, a percentage of the building stock will have to be renovated annually to attain high energy performance. [...]
This paper presents and evaluates a comparison of two different proposals for a real-world building renovation. The first proposal was a conventional project for energy renovation, while the second was a low-energy building proposal (following the Passivhaus standard). [...]

2018 - 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.12.101
Applied Energy, Vol. 212 (Feb. 2018) p. 1510-1521  
2018-10-10
14:33
Ecological network analysis of growing tomatoes in an urban rooftop greenhouse / Piezer, Kayla (University of Toledo. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (USA)) ; Petit Boix, Anna (University of Freiburg. Chair of Societal Transition and Circular Economy) ; Sanjuan Delmás, David (Ghent University. Green Chemistry and Technology) ; Briese, Emily (University of Toledo. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (USA)) ; Celik, Ilke (University of Wisconsin) ; Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Josa, Alejandro (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Departament d'Enginyeria Civil i Ambiental) ; Apul, Defne (University of Toledo. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (USA))
Urban agriculture has emerged as an alternative to conventional rural agriculture seeking to foster a sustainable circular economy in cities. When considering the feasibility of urban agriculture and planning for the future of food production and energy, it is important to understand the relationships between energy flows throughout the system, identify their strengths and weaknesses, and make suggestions to optimize the system. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.09.293
Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 651, Part 1 (February 2019) , p. 1495-1504