A high throughput genotyping approach reveals distinctive autosomal genetic signatures for European and Near Eastern wild boar
Manunza, Arianna (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Zidi, Ali (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Yeghoyan, Seryiozha (Armenian State Agrarian University (Yerevan, Armènia))
Balteanu, Valentin Adrian (University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (Cluj-Napoca, Romania))
Carsai, Teodora Crina (University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (Cluj-Napoca, Romania))
Scherbakov, Oleg (Armenian State Agrarian University (Yerevan, Armènia))
Ramírez, Óscar (Universitat Pompeu Fabra-CSIC. Institut de Biologia Evolutiva)
Eghbalsaied, Shahin (Islamic Azad University (Isfahan, Iran). Department of Animal Science)
Castelló, Anna (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)
Mercadé Carceller, Anna (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)
Amills i Eras, Marcel (Centre de Recerca en Agrigenòmica)

Fecha: 2013
Resumen: The lack of a Near Eastern genetic signature in modern European porcine breeds indicates that, although domestic pigs from the Fertile Crescent entered Europe during the Neolithic, they were completely replaced by their European counterparts in a short window of time. Whilst the absence of such genetic signature has been convincingly demonstrated at the mitochondrial level, variation at the autosomal genomes of European and Near Eastern Sus scrofa has not been compared yet. Herewith, we have explored the genetic relationships among 43 wild boar from Europe (N = 21), Near East (N = 19) and Korea (N = 3), and 40 Iberian (N = 16), Canarian (N = 4) and Mangalitza (N = 20) pigs by using a high throughput SNP genotyping platform. After data filtering, 37,167 autosomal SNPs were used to perform population genetics analyses. A multidimensional scaling plot based on genome-wide identity-by-state pairwise distances inferred with PLINK showed that Near Eastern and European wild boar populations are genetically differentiated. Maximum likelihood trees built with TreeMix supported this conclusion i. e. an early population split between Near Eastern and European Sus scrofa was observed. Moreover, analysis of the data with Structure evidenced that the sampled Iberian, Canarian and Mangalitza pigs did not carry any autosomal signature compatible with a Near Eastern ancestry, a finding that agrees well with previous mitochondrial studies.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/AGL2010-22208-C02-02
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CSD2007-00036
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; publishedVersion
Materia: Senglars ; Genètica ; Jabalís ; Wild boars ; Genetics
Publicado en: PLoS one, Vol. 8, Issue 2 (February 2013) , p. e55891, ISSN 1932-6203



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