Speculations About Early Syntax : the Production of Wh-questions by Normally Developing French Children and French Children with SLI
Hamann, Cornelia (University of Oldenburg. Department of English)

Data: 2006
Resum: This paper examines the spontaneous (and elicited) production of questions in 3 typically developing French children (1;8-2;10) and 11 French children with SLI (3;10-9;1). French has three types of constituent questions (Wh-in-situ, fronted Wh without inversion, fronted Wh with inversion) graded in syntactic complexity, allowing detailed investigation of syntactic competence. The results show that both groups of children greatly prefer Wh-in-situ over fronted Wh and avoid inversion. Infinitives are extremely rare in all questions, whereas null subjects are rare in fronted Wh-questions but occur in in-situ questions in typically developing children. SLI children do not produce infinitives in Wh-questions, but allow null subjects in all question types. The elicitation experiment confirmed these trends, though the SLI children had significantly more difficulties with movement than the normal children. A tentative account uses the truncation approach and the assumption that young children avoid movement by deriving in-situ questions with a Q-element in the head position of an Interrogative Phrase entering into an Agree relation with the element left in-situ. SLI children might extend this economic analysis to all Wh-questions.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: Article ; recerca ; article ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Preguntes en francès ; Qu- traslladat ; Qu- in situ ; Complexitat sintàctica ; Infinitius ; Subjectes nuls ; Trasllat ; Econòmic ; Nens amb desenvolupament normal ; nens amb transtorn específic del llenguatge ; French questions ; Fronted Wh ; Wh-in-situ ; Syntactic complexity ; Infinitives ; Null subjects ; Movement ; Economic ; Typically developing children ; SLI children
Publicat a: Catalan Journal of Linguistics, V. 5 (2006) p. 143-189, ISSN 2014-9719

Adreça original: http://revistes.uab.cat/catJL/article/view/82
Adreça original: http://revistes.uab.cat/catJL/article/view/v5-hamann
DOI: 10.5565/rev/catjl.82

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