Should I stay or should I go? Austerity, unemployment and migration
Bandeira, Guilherme
Caballé, Jordi
Vella, Eugenia

Fecha: 2018
Resumen: High unemployment and fiscal austerity during the recent crisis have led to significant migration outflows from the periphery of the euro area. This paper introduces endogenous migration both for the unemployed and employed members of the household in a small open economy DSGE model with search and matching frictions. The government can use public spending, unemployment benefits, or labor income taxes as fiscal consolidation instruments. A tax-based consolidation induces the highest migration outflows in the short run, which exacerbates the induced GDP contraction. Cuts in unemployment benefits induce the highest outflows of jobseekers in the medium run, but with more favorable effects on GDP and unemployment as the domestic wage adjusts downwards. The latter also leads to a very persistent increase in the intensity with which current workers look for a job abroad. Government spending cuts, on the other hand, have a small impact on migration. A repatriation policy, modelled as a higher utility cost of migration, generates a return of migrants, leading to a boost in aggregate demand, a fall in real wages and an increase in unemployment.
Resumen: The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/649396
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Colección: Barcelona Graduate School of Economics: ADEMU working paper series
Colección: ADEMU Working Paper Series ; 83
Documento: workingPaper
Materia: DSGE model ; Fiscal consolidation ; Migration ; Matching frictions ; Small open economy

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