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Socio-spatial legibility, discipline, and gentrification through favela upgrading in Rio de Janeiro
Comelli, Thaisa (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism)
Anguelovski, Isabelle Michele Sophie (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Chu, Eric (University of Birmingham. School of Geography, Earth and Environment Sciences)

Data: 2018
Resum: This paper contributes to global perspectives on gentrification by interrogating the experiences of urban redevelopment and transformation in the global South. Through unpacking the contradictions of public space revitalization and upgrading in two favelas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, we critically examine changes to the socio-spatial fabric of informal settlements over time. Our analysis reveals that upgrading projects, when combined with stateled favela pacification, create socio-spatial legibility through three inter-related pathways ofphysical, symbolic, and economic discipline. In the outset, favela upgrading increases property prices and produces an urban scenario molded for outsiders while simultaneously invisibilizing traditional cultural and social uses. For favela residents, however, upgrading is experienced as iterative processes of securitization and restriction, which involve strategies such as environmental clean-up, property enclosure, police violence, and new exclusionary forms of investments. As a result, the most socially vulnerable residents are controlled, coercively driven away, and slowly erased. Over time, the apparent integration of the formal and informal city, of the rich and the poor, of the ‘asphalt’ and the ‘hill’ in Rio de Janeiro produces new forms of separation, segregation, and fragmentation.
Nota: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Nota: Digital object identifier for the 'European Research Council' (, Digital object identifier for 'Horizon 2020' (
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/MDM-2015-0552
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RYC-2014-15870
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/678034
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Matèria: Slum upgrading ; Neoliberal cities ; Public space ; Global gentrification ; Environmental gentrification ; Rio ; Brazil
Publicat a: City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action, (29 November 2018) , ISSN 1360-4813

DOI: 10.1080/13604813.2018.1549205

Disponible a partir de: 2020-11-01

El registre apareix a les col·leccions:
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Barcelona Lab for Urban Environmental Justice and Sustainability (BCNUEJ)
Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
Articles > Articles de recerca
Articles > Articles publicats

 Registre creat el 2018-12-19, darrera modificació el 2019-06-13

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