The middle-out approach : assessing models of legal governance in data protection, artificial intelligence, and the Web of Data
Pagallo, Ugo (Università di Torino)
Madelin, Robert (Fipra International)
Casanovas, Pompeu (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Dret i Tecnologia)

Data: 2019
Resum: All models of legal governance and most regulatory options have to do with 'top-down' solutions as an essential ingredient of the approach. Such models may include 'bottom-up' forms of self-regulation, such as in forms of ex post regulation, or unenforced self-regulation. This paper focuses on what lies in between such top-down and bottom-up approaches, namely, the middle-out interface of the analysis. Within the EU legal framework, this middle-out layer is mainly associated with forms of co-regulation, as defined by Recital 44 of the 2010 AVMS Directive and Article 5(2) of the GDPR. However, there are also additional models on how we should grasp the middle-out layer of legal regulation, as shown by the debates on the governance of AI and the Web of Data. For example, the debates on issues such as monitored self-regulation, coordination mechanisms for good AI governance, and 'wind-rose' models for the Web of Data make it clear that co-regulation is not the only alternative to both bottom-up and top-down approaches. From a methodological viewpoint, the middle-out approach sheds light on three different kinds of issues that regard (i) how to strike a balance between multiple regulatory systems; (ii) how to align primary and secondary rules of the law; and (iii) how to properly coordinate bottom-up and top-down policy choices. The increasing complexity of technological regulation recommends new models of governance that revolve around this middle-out analytical ground.
Ajuts: DER2016-78108-P
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès
Document: Article ; recerca ; Versió publicada
Matèria: Artificial intelligence ; Data protection ; GDPR ; Governance ; Legal design ; Level of abstraction ; Middle-out approach ; Regulatory system ; Techno-regulation ; Web of data
Publicat a: The theory and practice of legislation, Vol. 7, Núm. 1 (September 2019) , ISSN 2050-8859



25 p, 2.3 MB

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Documents de recerca > Documents dels grups de recerca de la UAB > Centres i grups de recerca (producció científica) > Ciències socials i jurídiques > Institut de Dret i Tecnologia (IDT)
Articles > Articles de recerca
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 Registre creat el 2019-11-15, darrera modificació el 2021-08-07



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