A contentious business : industrial patents and the production of isotopes, 1930-1960
Turchetti, Simone

Data: 2009
Resum: This paper analyses the role that patents played in the establishment of the isotope industry. In the first part I survey the number of issued patents on the production of isotopes, also arguing that the isotope industry was typified by inadequate patenting activities. Then I examine the factors that hindered these activities by looking at the history of industrial patents in the establishment of the isotope industry. I especially focus on the consequences of the Manhattan Project on patent legislation. As the Atomic Energy Act (1946) made the isotope industry a monopoly of the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), it contributed to transform the trading of its relevant patents in a «contentious» business. Since then, inventors and assignors already in possession of isotope production patents could only claim compensation to the AEC, which was authorised to seize them. And those who might have outlined new inventions were now deprived of the economic incentive to do so, being prohibited from free-trading them in the international market.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Patents ; Comissió d'Energia Atòmica ; Oficina de compensació de Patents ; Llei de McMahon ; Producció d'isòtops ; Patentes ; Comisión de Energía Atómica ; Oficina de Compensación de Patentes ; Enrico Fermi ; Ley de McMahon ; Producción de isótopos ; Philips ; Atomic Energy Commission ; Patent Compensation Board ; McMahon Act ; Isotope production
Publicat a: Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque. Historiam Illustrandam, Vol. 29, Núm. (2009) , p. 191-217, ISSN 0211-9536

Adreça alternativa: http://www.raco.cat/index.php/Dynamis/article/view/136834
DOI: 10.4321/S0211-95362009000100009

27 p, 204.4 KB

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