Articles

Articles 55 records found  previous11 - 20nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
11.
Global trends in carbon sinks and their relationships with CO₂ and temperature / Fernández Martínez, Marcos (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Chevallier, Frédéric (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Àustria)) ; Janssens, Ivan A (University of Antwerp. Departement Biologie) ; Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Canadell, Josep G. (Global Carbon Project) ; Bastos, Ana (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Friedlingstein, Pierre (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Sitch, Stephen (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Piao, Shilong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Elevated CO₂ concentrations increase photosynthesis and, potentially, net ecosystem production (NEP), meaning a greater CO₂ uptake. Climate, nutrients and ecosystem structure, however, influence the effect of increasing CO₂. [...]
2019 - 10.1038/s41558-018-0367-7
Nature climate change, Vol. 9 (Jan. 2019) , p. 73–79
2 documents
12.
32 p, 1.5 MB Satellite passive microwaves reveal recent climate-induced carbon losses in African drylands / Brandt, Martin (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Wigneron, Jean-Pierre (Institut national de la recherche agronomique. Interactions Sol Plante Atmosphère) ; Chave, Jerome (Université Paul Sabatier. Laboratoire Evolution and Diversité Biologique) ; Tagesson, Torbern (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Rasmussen, Kjeld (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Tian, Feng (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Mbow, Cheikh (START International Inc.) ; Al-Yaari, Amen (Institut national de la recherche agronomique. Interactions Sol Plante Atmosphère) ; Rodriguez-Fernandez, Nemesio (Centre d'Etudes Spatiales de la BIOsphère) ; Schurgers, Guy (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Zhang, Wenmin (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Chang, Jinfeng (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Kerr, Yann (Centre d'Etudes Spatiales de la BIOsphère) ; Verger Ten, Aleixandre (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Tucker, Compton (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center) ; Mialon, Arnaud (Centre d'Etudes Spatiales de la BIOsphère) ; Rasmussen, Laura Vang (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Fan, Lei (Københavns Universitet. Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management) ; Fensholt , Rasmus
The African continent is facing one of the driest periods in the past three decades as well as continued deforestation. These disturbances threaten vegetation carbon (C) stocks and highlight the need for improved capabilities of monitoring large-scale aboveground carbon stock dynamics. [...]
2018 - 10.1038/s41559-018-0530-6
Nature ecology and evolution, Vol. 2 (April 2018) , p. 827–835  
13.
9 p, 1.4 MB How to spend a dwindling greenhouse gas budget / Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Bednar, Johannes (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Wagner, Fabian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Gasser, Thomas (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Forsell, Nicklas (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Frank, Stefan (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Havlik, Petr (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Valin, Hugo (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Schmidt-Traub, Guido (Sustainable Development Solutions Network)
The Paris Agreement is based on emission scenarios that move from a sluggish phase-out of fossil fuels to large-scale late-century negative emissions. Alternative pathways of early deployment of negative emission technologies need to be considered to ensure that climate targets are reached safely and sustainably.
2018 - 10.1038/s41558-017-0045-1
Nature climate change, Vol. 8 (Jan. 2018) , p. 7-10  
14.
34 p, 2.0 MB On the causes of trends in the seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO₂ / Piao, Shilong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Liu, Zhuo (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Wang, Yilong (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environment) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Yao, Yitong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Peng, Shushi (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Chevallier, Frédéric (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Friedlingstein, Pierre (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Sitch, Stephen (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Wang, Tao (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research)
No consensus has yet been reached on the major factors driving the observed increase in the seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO₂ in the northern latitudes. In this study, we used atmospheric CO₂ records from 26 northern hemisphere stations with a temporal coverage longer than 15 years, and an atmospheric transport model prescribed with net biome productivity (NBP) from an ensemble of nine terrestrial ecosystem models, to attribute change in the seasonal amplitude of atmospheric CO₂. [...]
2018 - 10.1111/gcb.13909
Global change biology, Vol. 24, issue 2 (Feb. 2018) , p. 608-616
2 documents
15.
21 p, 4.0 MB ORCHIDEE-SOM : modeling soil organic carbon (SOC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) dynamics along vertical soil profiles in Europe / Camino Serrano, Marta (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Guenet, Bertrand (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Luyssaert, Sebastiaan (University Amsterdam. Department of Ecological Sciences) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Bastrikov, Vladislav (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; De Vos, Bruno (INBO. Research Institute for Nature and Forest) ; Gielen, Bert (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Gleixner, Gerd (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Jornet-Puig, Albert (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environment) ; Kaiser, Klaus (Martin Luther University. Soil Science and Soil Protection) ; Kothawala, Dolly (Evolutionary Biology Centre. Department of Limnology) ; Lauerwald, Ronny (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Schrumpf, Marion (Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry) ; Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biology) ; Vuichard, Nicolas (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environment) ; Walmsley, David (Leuphana Universität Lüneburg. Institute of Ecology, Faculty of Sustainability) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biology)
Current land surface models (LSMs) typically represent soils in a very simplistic way, assuming soil organic carbon (SOC) as a bulk, and thus impeding a correct representation of deep soil carbon dynamics. [...]
2018 - 10.5194/gmd-11-937-2018
Geoscientific model development, Vol. 11, issue 3 (March 2018) , p. 937-957  
16.
33 p, 3.6 MB The large mean body size of mammalian herbivores explains the productivity paradox during the last glacial maximum / Zhu, Dan (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Chang, Jinfeng (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Krinner, Gerhard (Université Grenoble Alpes. Institut de Géosciences de l’Environnement) ; Peng, Shushi (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Viovy, Nicolas (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Zimov, Sergey (Tikhookeanskiĭ institut geografii (Rossiĭskai︠a︡ akademii︠a︡ nauk))
Large herbivores are a major agent in ecosystems, influencing vegetation structure, and carbon and nutrient flows. During the last glacial period, a mammoth steppe ecosystem prevailed in the unglaciated northern lands, supporting a high diversity and density of megafaunal herbivores. [...]
2018 - 10.1038/s41559-018-0481-y
Nature ecology and evolution, Vol. 2, issue 4 (April 2018) , p. 640–649  
17.
8 p, 11.3 MB Extension of the growing season increases vegetation exposure to frost / Liu, Qiang (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Piao, Shilong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Fu, Yongshuo H. (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Peng, Shushi (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Lian, Xu (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environnement) ; Myneni, Ranga B. (Boston University. Department of Earth and Environment) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Wang, Tao (Zhongguo ke xue yuan. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research)
While climate warming reduces the occurrence of frost events, the warming-induced lengthening of the growing season of plants in the Northern Hemisphere may actually induce more frequent frost days during the growing season (GSFDs, days with minimum temperature < 0 °C). [...]
2017 - 10.1038/s41467-017-02690-y
Nature communications, Vol. 9 (2018) , art. 426  
18.
25 p, 3.8 MB Assessing the impacts of 1.5 °C global warming – simulation protocol of the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISIMIP2b) / Frieler, Katja (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Lange, Stefan (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Piontek, Franziska (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Reyer, Christopher P. O. (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Schewe, Jacob (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Warszawski, Lila (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Zhao, Fang (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Chini, Louise (University of Maryland. Department of Geographical Sciences) ; Denvil, Sebastien (Institut Pierre-Simon Laplace) ; Emanue, Kerry (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) ; Geiger, Tobias (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Halladay, Kate (Great Britain. Meteorological Office) ; Hurtt, George (University of Maryland. Department of Geographical Sciences) ; Mengel, Matthias (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Murakami, Daisuke (Tōkei Sūri Kenkyūjo (Japan)) ; Ostberg, Sebastian (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Popp, Alexander (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Riva, Riccardo (Technische Universiteit Delft) ; Stevanovic, Miodrag (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Suzuki, Tatsuo (Kaiyō Kenkyū Kaihatsu Kikō (Japan)) ; Volkholz, Jan (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Burke, Eleanor (Great Britain. Meteorological Office) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Ebi, Kristie (University of Washington) ; Eddy, Tyler D. (Dalhousie University. Department of Biology) ; Elliott, Joshua (University of Chicago) ; Galbraith, Eric D. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Gosling, Simon N. (University of Nottingham) ; Hattermann, Fred (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Hickler, Thomas (Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre) ; Hinkel, Jochen (Berlin Workshop in Institutional Analysis of Social-Ecological Systems) ; Hof, Christian (Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre) ; Huber, Veronika (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Jägermeyr, Jonas (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Krysanova, Valentina (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Marcé, Rafael (Institut Català de Recerca de l'Aigua) ; Schmied, Hannes Müller (Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre) ; Mouratiadou, Ioanna (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Pierson, Don (Uppsala University) ; Tittensor, Derek P. (Dalhousie University. Department of Biology) ; Vautard, Robert (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Van Vliet, Michelle (Wageningen Universiteit) ; Biber, Matthias F. (Senckenberg Biodiversity and Climate Research Centre) ; Betts, Richard A. (Great Britain. Meteorological Office) ; Bodirsky, Benjamin Leon (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Deryng, Delphine (Columbia University) ; Frolking, Steve (University of New Hampshire) ; Jones, Chris D. (Great Britain. Meteorological Office) ; Lotze, Heike K. (Dalhousie University) ; Lotze-Campen, Hermann (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Sahajpa, Ritvik (University of Maryland. Department of Geographical Sciences) ; Thonicke, Kirsten (Potsdam-Institut für Klimafolgenforschung) ; Tian, Hanqin (Auburn University. School of Forestry) ; Yamagata, Yoshiki (Kokuritsu Kankyō Kenkyūjo)
In Paris, France, December 2015, the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) invited the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) to provide a special report in 2018 on the impacts of global warming of 1. [...]
2017 - 10.5194/gmd-10-4321-2017
Geoscientific model development, Vol. 10 (2017) , p. 4321-4345  
19.
3 p, 157.9 KB Posibles escenarios energéticos con vistas al cumplimiento del Acuerdo de París / Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Walsh, Brian J. (World Bank. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L’Environnement) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Riahi, Keywan (World Bank. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) ; Rydzak, Felicjan (World Bank. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) ; Vuuren, van Vuuren (Universiteit Utrecht. Copernicus Instituut voor Duurzame Ontwikkeling) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management)
En la pasada cumbre de Paris de Diciembre del 2015 (COP21) se estableció como objetico llegar a acuerdos que permitan alcanzar un balance cero entre las emisiones de CO² y su captura por los sumideros de CO² del planeta a finales de este siglo, con un aumento máximo de la temperatura de 1. [...]
A zero balance between the emissions and capture by the earth sinks of CO² with a maximum rise of Temperature of 1. 5 ⁰C with respect to the pre-industrial period was established by Paris COP21 as the global objective by the end of this century. [...]

2017 - 10.7818/ECOS.2017.26-3.12
Ecosistemas, Vol. 26, no. 3 (2017) , p. 103-105  
20.
10 p, 3.8 MB Increasing gap in human height between rich and poor countries associated to their different intakes of N and P / Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Research Group of Plant and Vegetation Ecology) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environnement) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Krisztin, Tamás (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Piao, Shilong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
We analyzed mean height of men born in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s in 80 countries. Both height and the change in height during the last decades were correlated with N and P intake, as well as the N:P intake ratio. [...]
2017 - 10.1038/s41598-017-17880-3
Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, (December 2017) , art. 17671  

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