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5 p, 474.6 KB Passive smoking at home is a risk factor for community-acquired pneumonia in older adults : a population-based case–control study / Almirall, Jordi (Hospital de Mataró, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Ciber Enfermedades Respiratorias, CIBERES) ; Serra-Prat, Mateu (Hospital de Mataró, CIBEREHD) ; Bolíbar, Ignasi (Institut de Recerca Biomedica Sant Pau, CIBERESP) ; Palomera, Elisabet (Hospital de Mataró, CIBEREHD) ; Roig, Jordi (Hospital Nostra Senyora de Meritxell) ; Hospital, Imma (Institut Català de la Salut (ICS)) ; Carandell, Eugenia (IB-SALUT Balears) ; Agustí, Mercè (Institut Català de la Salut (ICS)) ; Ayuso, Pilar (INSALUD) ; Estela, Andreu (IB-SALUT Balears) ; Torres, Antoni (Institut Clínic del Torax, IDIBAPS, Hospital Clínic de Barcelona. Universitat de Barcelona, CIBERES) ;
2014 14 years of age. 1003 participants who had never smoked were recruited. Risk factors for CAP, including home exposure to passive smoking, were registered. All new cases of CAP in a well-defined population were consecutively recruited during a 12-month period. A population-based case-control study was designed to assess risk factors for CAP, including home exposure to passive smoking. All new cases of CAP in a well-defined population were consecutively recruited during a 12-month period. The subgroup of never smokers was selected for the present analysis. The study sample included 471 patients with CAP and 532 controls who had never smoked. The annual incidence of CAP was estimated to be 1.14 cases×10 –3 inhabitants in passive smokers and 0.90×10 −3 in non-passive smokers (risk ratio (RR) 1.26; 95% CI 1.02 to 1.55) in the whole sample. In participants ≥65 years of age, this incidence was 2.50×10 −3 in passive smokers and 1.69×10 −3 in non-passive smokers (RR 1.48, 95% CI 1.08 to 2.03). In this last age group, the percentage of passive smokers in cases and controls was 26% and 18.1%, respectively (p=0.039), with a crude OR of 1.59 (95% CI 1.02 to 2.38) and an adjusted (by age and sex) OR of 1.56 (95% CI 1.00 to 2.45). Passive smoking at home is a risk factor for CAP in older adults (65 years or more). - 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005133
BMJ Open, Vol. 4 (june 2014)  

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