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Articles, 23 registres trobats
Articles 23 registres trobats  1 - 10següentfinal  anar al registre:
1.
The global cropland-sparing potential of high-yield farming / Folberth, Christian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Khabarov, Nikolay (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Balkovic, Juraj (Comenius University in Bratislava. Department of Soil Science) ; Skalský, Rastislav (National Agricultural and Food Centre, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute) ; Visconti, Piero (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Ciais, Philippe (Centre national de la recherche scientifique. Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)
The global expansion of cropland exerts substantial pressure on natural ecosystems and is expected to continue with population growth and affluent demand. Yet earlier studies indicated that crop production could be more than doubled if attainable crop yields were achieved on present cropland. [...]
2020 - 10.1038/s41893-020-0505-x
Nature sustainability, Vol. 3, Issue 4 (April 2020) , p. 281-289  
2.
11 p, 2.4 MB Increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations correlate with declining nutritional status of European forests / Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals) ; Fernández-Martínez, Marcos (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Vallicrosa Pou, Helena (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Maspons, Joan (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Zuccarini, Paolo (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Carnicer i Cols, Jofre (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sanders, Tanja G.M. (Thünen Institute of Forest Ecosystems) ; Krüger, Inken (Thünen Institute of Forest Ecosystems) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
The drivers of global change, including increases in atmospheric CO2 concentrations, N and S deposition, and climate change, likely affect the nutritional status of forests. Here we show forest foliar concentrations of N, P, K, S and Mg decreased significantly in Europe by 5%, 11%, 8%, 6% and 7%, respectively during the last three decades. [...]
2020 - 10.1038/s42003-020-0839-y
Communications Biology, Vol. 3 (March 2020) , art. 125  
3.
45 p, 1.4 MB The bioelements, the elementome and the "biogeochemical niche" / Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Fernández-Martínez, Marcos (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Jou i Mirabent, David, 1953- (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Física) ; Piao, Shilong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Department of Biology) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Every living creature on Earth is made of atoms of the various bioelements that are harnessed in the construction of molecules, tissues, organisms, and communities, as we know them. Organisms need these bioelements in specific quantities and proportions to survive and grow. [...]
2019 - 10.1002/ecy.2652
Ecology, Vol. 100, Issue 5 (May 2019) , art. e02652  
4.
Spatio-temporal downscaling of gridded crop model yield estimates based on machine learning / Folberth, Christian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Baklanov, Artem (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Balkovic, Juraj (Comenius University in Bratislava. Department of Soil Science) ; Skalský, Rastislav (National Agricultural and Food Centre, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute) ; Khabarov, Nikolay (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)
Global gridded crop models (GGCMs) are essential tools for estimating agricultural crop yields and externalities at large scales, typically at coarse spatial resolutions. Higher resolution estimates are required for robust agricultural assessments at regional and local scales, where the applicability of GGCMs is often limited by low data availability and high computational demand. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.agrformet.2018.09.021
Agricultural and forest meteorology, Vol. 264 (January 2019) , p. 1-15  
5.
Spatially explicit LCA analysis of biodiversity losses due to different bioenergy policies in the European Union / Di Fulvio, Fulvio (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Forsell, Nicklas (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Korosuo, Anu (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis) ; Hellweg, Stefanie (ETH Zurich. Institute of Environmental Engineering)
In this study, the potential global loss of species directly associated with land use in the EU and due to trade with other regions is computed over time, in order to reveal differences in impacts between the considered alternatives of plausible bioenergy policies development in the EU. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.419
Science of the total environment, Vol. 651, part 1 (Feb. 2019) , p. 1505-1516  
6.
23 p, 13.6 MB Impacts and Uncertainties of +2∘C of Climate Change and Soil Degradation on European Crop Calorie Supply / Balkovic, Juraj (Comenius University in Bratislava. Department of Soil Science) ; Skalský, Rastislav (National Agricultural and Food Centre, Soil Science and Conservation Research Institute) ; Folberth, Christian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Khabarov, Nikolay (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Schmid, Erwin (University of Natural Resource and Life Sciences. Institute for Sustainable Economic Development) ; Madaras, Mikuláš (Division of Crop Management Systems, Crop Research Institute) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Ecosystem Services and Management Program) ; Van der Velde, Marijn (European Commission. Joint Research Centre)
Even if global warming is kept below +2°C, European agriculture will be significantly impacted. Soil degradation may amplify these impacts substantially and thus hamper crop production further. We quantify biophysical consequences and bracket uncertainty of +2°C warming on calories supply from 10 major crops and vulnerability to soil degradation in Europe using crop modeling. [...]
2018 - 10.1002/2017EF000629
Earth's future, Vol. 6, Issue 3 (March 2018) , p. 373-395  
7.
26 p, 1.4 MB Global trends in carbon sinks and their relationships with CO₂ and temperature / Fernández-Martínez, Marcos (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Chevallier, Frédéric (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environnement) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Laxenburg, Àustria)) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (University of Antwerp. Departement Biologie) ; Vicca, Sara (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Canadell, Josep G. (Global Carbon Project) ; Bastos, Ana (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement) ; Friedlingstein, Pierre (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Sitch, Stephen (University of Exeter. College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences) ; Piao, Shilong (Sino-French Institute for Earth System Science) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Elevated CO₂ concentrations increase photosynthesis and, potentially, net ecosystem production (NEP), meaning a greater CO₂ uptake. Climate, nutrients and ecosystem structure, however, influence the effect of increasing CO₂. [...]
2019 - 10.1038/s41558-018-0367-7
Nature climate change, Vol. 9 (Jan. 2019) , p. 73-79
2 documents
8.
15 p, 403.1 KB Modeling Global Trade in Phosphate Rock within a Partial Equilibrium Framework / Khabarov, Nikolay (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management)
Against the background of combined population and consumption growth, the global sustainable development agenda foresees limits to the expansion of agricultural land. The application of fertilizer is necessary to replenish soil nutrients and keep crop yields high. [...]
2018 - 10.3390/su10051550
Sustainability, Vol. 10, Núm. 5 (May 2018) , art. 1550  
9.
9 p, 1.4 MB How to spend a dwindling greenhouse gas budget / Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Bednar, Johannes (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Wagner, Fabian (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Gasser, Thomas (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environnement) ; Forsell, Nicklas (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Frank, Stefan (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Havlik, Petr (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Valin, Hugo (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Schmidt-Traub, Guido (Sustainable Development Solutions Network)
The Paris Agreement is based on emission scenarios that move from a sluggish phase-out of fossil fuels to large-scale late-century negative emissions. Alternative pathways of early deployment of negative emission technologies need to be considered to ensure that climate targets are reached safely and sustainably.
2018 - 10.1038/s41558-017-0045-1
Nature climate change, Vol. 8 (Jan. 2018) , p. 7-10  
10.
3 p, 157.9 KB Posibles escenarios energéticos con vistas al cumplimiento del Acuerdo de París / Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Walsh, Brian J. (World Bank. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) ; Ciais, Philippe (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de L'Environnement) ; Janssens, Ivan A. (Universiteit Antwerpen. Departement Biologie) ; Riahi, Keywan (World Bank. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) ; Rydzak, Felicjan (World Bank. Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery) ; Vuuren, van Vuuren (Universiteit Utrecht. Copernicus Instituut voor Duurzame Ontwikkeling) ; Obersteiner, Michael (International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Ecosystems Services and Management)
En la pasada cumbre de Paris de Diciembre del 2015 (COP21) se estableció como objetico llegar a acuerdos que permitan alcanzar un balance cero entre las emisiones de CO² y su captura por los sumideros de CO² del planeta a finales de este siglo, con un aumento máximo de la temperatura de 1. [...]
A zero balance between the emissions and capture by the earth sinks of CO² with a maximum rise of Temperature of 1. 5 ⁰C with respect to the pre-industrial period was established by Paris COP21 as the global objective by the end of this century. [...]

2017 - 10.7818/ECOS.2017.26-3.12
Ecosistemas, Vol. 26, no. 3 (2017) , p. 103-105  

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