Results overview: Found 10 records in 0.02 seconds.
Articles, 8 records found
Research literature, 2 records found
Articles 8 records found  
1.
Belowground biota responses to maize biochar addition to the soil of a Mediterranean vineyard / Andrés Pastor, Pilar (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Rosell Melé, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals) ; Colomer Ventura, Ferran (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Denef, Karolien (Colorado State University. Chemistry Department) ; Cotrufo, M. Francesca (Colorado State University. Soil and Crop Sciences Department) ; Riba Rovira, Miquel (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Alcañiz, Josep M. (Josep Maria) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)
Biochar is a high carbon material resulting from biomass pyrolysis that, when applied to croplands, can increase soil carbon and soil water retention. Both effects are of critical importance in semi-arid regions, where carbon decline and desertification are the main drivers of soil degradation. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.101
Science of the total environment, Vol. 660 (April 2019) , p. 1522-1532  
2.
26 p, 1.1 MB Towards biochar and hydrochar engineering-influence of process conditions on surface physical and chemical properties, thermal stability, nutrient availability, toxicity and wettability / Diéguez Alonso, Alba (Technische Universität Berlin) ; Funke, Axel (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) ; Anca-Couce, Andrés (Graz University of Technology) ; Rombolà, Alessandro Girolamo (Università di Bologna) ; Ojeda Castro, Franklin Gerardo (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Bachmann, Jörg (Leibniz University of Hannover) ; Behrendt, Frank (Technische Universität Berlin)
The impact of conversion process parameters in pyrolysis (maximum temperature, inert gas flow rate) and hydrothermal carbonization (maximum temperature, residence time and post-washing) on biochar and hydrochar properties is investigated. [...]
2018 - 10.3390/en11030496
Energies, Vol. 11, Issue 3 (March 2018) , art. 496  
3.
Effects of steel slag and biochar amendments on CO₂, CH₄, and N₂O flux, and rice productivity in a subtropical Chinese paddy field / Wang, Chun (Fujian Normal University. Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process) ; Wang, Weiqi (Fujian Normal University. Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Singla, Ankit (India. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. Regional Centre of Organic Farming) ; Zeng, Congsheng (Fujian Normal University. Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process) ; Lai, Derrick Yu Fo (Chinese University of Hong Kong. Department of Geography and Resource Management) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Steel slag, a by-product of the steel industry, contains high amounts of active iron oxide and silica which can act as an oxidizing agent in agricultural soils. Biochar is a rich source of carbon, and the combined application of biochar and steel slag is assumed to have positive impacts on soil properties as well as plant growth, which are yet to be validated scientifically. [...]
2018 - 10.1007/s10653-018-0224-7
Environmental geochemistry and health, Published online dec. 2018
4 documents
4.
Straw biochar increases the abundance of inorganic phosphate solubilizing bacterial community for better rape (Brassica napus) growth and phosphate uptake / Zheng, Bangxiao (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Ding, Kai (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment) ; Yang, Xiao-Ru (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment) ; Wadaan, Mohammed A. M. (King Saud University. College of Science. Zoology Department) ; Hozzein, Wael N. (King Saud University. College of Science. Zoology Department) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Zhu, Yong-Guan (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Urban Environment)
The direct application of inorganic-phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (iPSBs) for improving the efficiency of phosphorus (P) use leads to a low rate of bacterial survival. Biochar is a good inoculum carrier for microbial survival, and diverse feedstocks can have different effects. [...]
2019 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.07.454
Science of the total environment, Vol. 647 (Jan. 2019) , p. 1113-1120  
5.
57 p, 1.7 MB Industrial and agricultural wastes decreased greenhouse-gas emissions and increased rice grain yield in a subtropical paddy field / Wang, Weiqi (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography) ; Zeng, Congshenz (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography) ; Sardans i Galobart, Jordi (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Zeng, Dongping (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography) ; Wang, Chun (Fujian Normal University. Institute of Geography) ; Bartrons Vilamala, Mireia (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals) ; Peñuelas, Josep (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from paddy fields is crucial both for the sustainability of rice production and mitigation of global climatic warming. The effects of applying industrial and agricultural wastes as fertilizer on the reduction of GHG emissions in cropland areas, however, remain poorly known. [...]
2017 - 10.1017/S001447971700031X
Experimental agriculture, Vol. 54, issue 4 (Aug. 2018) , p. 623-640  
6.
32 p, 1.6 MB Short-term mesofauna responses to soil additions of corn stover biochar and the role of microbial biomass / Domene, X. (Xavier) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Hanley, Kelly (Cornell University) ; Enders, Akio (Cornell University) ; Lehmann, Johannes (Cornell University)
Biochar additions have been suggested to influence soil microbial communities that, through a cascade effect, may also impact soil fauna. In turn, any direct biochar effects on fauna can influence microbial communities through grazing, physical fragmentation of organic debris (and biochar) and modifying soil structure. [...]
2015 - 10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.12.005
Applied Soil Ecology, Vol. 89 (Maig 2015) , p. 10-17  
7.
47 p, 913.4 KB Medium-term effects of corn biochar addition on soil biota activities and functions in a temperate soil cropped to corn / Domene, X. (Xavier) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Mattana, Stefania (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Biochar addition to soil has been generally associated with crop yield increases observed in some soils, and increased nutrient availability is one of the mechanisms proposed. Any impact of biochar on soil organisms can potentially translate to changes in nutrient availability and crop productivity, possibly explaining some of the beneficial and detrimental yield effects reported in literature. [...]
2014 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.01.035
Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 72 (May 2014) , p. 152-162  
8.
47 p, 968.0 KB Ecotoxicological characterization of biochars : role of feedstock and pyrolysis temperature / Domene, X. (Xavier) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Enders, A (Cornell University) ; Hanley, K (Cornell University) ; Lehmann, J (Cornell University)
Seven contrasting feedstocks were subjected to slow pyrolysis at low (300 or 350 °C) and high temperature (550 or 600 °C), and both biochars and the corresponding feedstocks tested for short-term ecotoxicity using basal soil respiration and collembolan reproduction tests. [...]
2015 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.035
Science of the total environment, Vol. 512-513 (April 2015) , p. 552-561  

Research literature 2 records found  
1.
169 p, 2.7 MB Effects of applying pine and corn cobs biochar on soil organic carbon in a Mediterranean agricultural land / Raya Moreno, Irene, autor. ; Alcañiz, Josep M., (Josep Maria) dir. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Cañizáres Gonzalez, Rosa, dir. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals. ; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia.
El canvi climàtic, produït per l'increment de la concentració de gasos d'efecte hivernacle a l'atmosfera, amenaça la integritat del nostre planeta. En aquestes circumstàncies el biochar, material obtingut a partir de biomassa pirolitzada, s'ha proposat com a una possible mesura per augmentar el segrest de carboni en sòls. [...]
El incremento de gases de efecto invernadero en la atmosfera puede tener consecuencias severas para nuestro planeta. El uso de biochar como enmienda, material obtenido a partir de biomasa pirolizada, se ha propuesto como estrategia para el secuestro de carbono en el suelo. [...]
The increment of global threats due to climate change, caused by an increase in atmospheric concentration of GHGs, is predicted to have a severe impact on our planet. The use of biochar, obtained from the thermochemical conversion of biomass in an oxygen-limited environment, as a soil amendment has been proposed as one strategy for C-sequestration. [...]

[Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2018.  
2.
270 p, 8.7 MB Biochar effects on soil quality as evaluated by physical, chemical, and biological parameters / Netherton Marks, Evan Alexander ; Domene, X., (Xavier), dir. (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia) ; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals
El biochar es un producto resultante de la descomposición térmica mediante pirolisis de biomasa y aplicado al suelo para mejorar sus propiedades. Este area de investigación está auge actualmente por su papel en mejorar la práctica agrícola y como estrategia de secuestro de carbono en suelo. [...]
Biochar is thermally-decomposed biomass deliberately applied to soil to improve its properties. In recent years, biochar research has grown immensely for its potential role in improving agricultural practices and as a strategy to sequester carbon in the soil. [...]

[Barcelona] : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 2013  

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Set up a personal email alert or subscribe to the RSS feed.