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Cluster randomized trial in smoking cessation with intensive advice in diabetic patients in primary care : ITADI Study
Roig, Lydia (Institut Català de la Salut. Centre d'Atenció Primària La Garriga)
Perez, Santiago (Institut Català de la Salut)
Prieto, Gemma (Sanidad de Castilla y Léon)
Martin Cantera, Carlos (Institut Català de la Salut)
Advani, Mamta (Institut Català de la Salut. Institut d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Armengol, Angelina (Institut Català de la Salut)
Roura Olmeda, Pilar (Institut Català de la Salut)
Manresa, Josep Maria (Institut Català de la Salut. Institut d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
Briones, Elena (Institut Català de la Salut. Institut d'Investigació en Atenció Primària Jordi Gol)
ITADI Study Group

Data: 2010
Resum: Background: It is a priority to achieve smoking cessation in diabetic smokers, given that this is a group of patients with elevated cardiovascular risk. Furthermore, tobacco has a multiplying effect on micro and macro vascular complications. Smoking abstinence rates increase as the intensity of the intervention, length of the intervention and number and diversity of contacts with the healthcare professional during the intervention increases. However, there are few published studies about smoking cessation in diabetics in primary care, a level of healthcare that plays an essential role in these patients. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive smoking cessation intervention in diabetic patients in primary care. Methods/Design: Cluster randomized trial, controlled and multicentric. Randomization unit: Primary Care Team. Study population: 546 diabetic smokers older than 14 years of age whose disease is controlled by one of the primary care teams in the study. Outcome Measures: Continuous tobacco abstinence (a person who has not smoked for at least six months and with a CO level of less than 6 ppm measured by a cooximeter) , evolution in the Prochaska and DiClemente's Transtheoretical Model of Change, number of cigarettes/day, length of the visit. Point of assessment: one- year post- inclusion in the study. Intervention: Brief motivational interview for diabetic smokers at the pre-contemplation and contemplation stage, intensive motivational interview with pharmacotherapy for diabetic smokers in the preparation-action stage and reinforcing intevention in the maintenance stage. Statistical Analysis: A descriptive analysis of all variables will be done, as well as a multilevel logistic regression and a Poisson regression. All analyses will be done with an intention to treatment basis and will be fitted for potential confounding factors and variables of clinical importance. Statistical packages: SPSS15, STATA10 y HLM6. Discussion: The present study will try to describe the profile of a diabetic smoker who receives the most benefit from an intensive intervention in primary care. The results will be useful for primary care professionals in their usual clinical practice.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; publishedVersion
Publicat a: BMC Public health, Vol. 10, N. 58 (February 2010) , p. 1-8, ISSN 1471-2458



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