||This paper builds on the experience of the on-going, mainly ethnographic, research project called Teacher training in' multicultural' Sweden. Class, gender and ethnicity. In this multi-disciplinary project a number of scholars conduct research through participant observation in, and through the study and analysis of documents from, a number of teacher training colleges in Sweden. In this paper I will use empirical material gathered from two teacher training colleges to discuss this basic issue. One college is situated in a suburb outside Stockholm and it consciously portrays itself as a college for ‘multicultural' students who will later teach in ‘multicultural' suburbs. The other college is situated in a small town and although ‘multiculturalism' is seen as important in the educational system students with mainly ‘Swedish' background are recruited. In the first college ‘differences' are lauded and students are encouraged to ponder upon and develop their ethnic profile. In the second ‘similarities' are more taken for granted. I will argue, however, that within these colleges ‘differences' and 'similarities' are not only discussed but actually created against a backdrop of macro-constraints which are not much scrutinized within these colleges.