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ADHD symptomatology in eating disorders : a secondary psychopathological measure of severity?
Fernández Aranda, Fernando (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge)
Agüera, Zaida (Hospital de Bellvitge)
Castro, Rita (Hospital de Bellvitge)
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana (Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge (IBIDELL))
Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni (Vall d'Hebron Hospitals)
Bosch, Rosa (Vall d'Hebron Hospitals)
Fagundo Morales, Ana Beatriz (Hospital de Bellvitge)
Granero, Roser (Instituto de Salud "Carlos III")
Penelo Werner, Eva (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia)
Claes, Laurence (University of Leuven. Department of Psychology)
Sánchez, Isabel (Hospital de Bellvitge)
Riesco, Nadine (Hospital de Bellvitge)
Casas, Miquel (Vall d'Hebron Hospitals)
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel (Hospital de Bellvitge)

Date: 2013
Abstract: Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has commonly been described in psychiatric disorders. Although several studies have found positive associations between abnormal eating patterns during childhood and ADHD, there is a lack of studies on ADHD and Eating Disorders (ED). The aims of this exploratory study were 1) to assess the ADHD symptoms level in ED and to ascertain whether there are differences among ED subtypes; 2) to analyze whether the presence of ADHD symptoms is associated with more severe eating disorder symptoms and greater general psychopathology; and 3) to assess whether the ADHD symptoms level is associated with specific temperament and character traits. Methods: 191 female ED patients were included. Assessment was carried out with the EDI-2, ASRS-v1. 1, the SCL-90-R and the TCI-R. Results: The ADHD symptoms level was similar in bulimia, eating disorder not otherwise specified and binge eating subtypes, and lower in anorexic patients. Obsessiveness and Hostility were significantly positively associated with ADHD symptoms. A path model showed that ADHD was associated with high Novelty Seeking and low Self-Directedness, whereas ED severity was influenced by ADHD severity and low Self-Directedness. Conclusions: Bingeing/purging ED subtypes have a high ADHD symptoms level, also related with more severe eating, general and personality psychopathology.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; publishedVersion
Subject: Eating disorders ; ADHD ; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ; Psychopathology ; Personality profiles
Published in: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 13, N. 166 (June 2013) , p. 1-8, ISSN 1471-244X

DOI: 10.1186/1471-244X-13-166
PMID: 23758944


8 p, 242.7 KB

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 Record created 2013-10-08, last modified 2019-09-23



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