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The use of life cycle assessment for the comparison of biowaste composting at home and full scale
Martínez Blanco, Julia (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Rieradevall, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Colón Jordà, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Gabarrell Durany, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Font i Segura, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Sánchez Ferrer, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Artola Casacuberta, Adriana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)

Date: 2010
Abstract: Environmental impacts and gaseous emissions associated to home and industrial composting of the source-separated organic fraction of municipal solid waste have been evaluated using the environmental tool of life cycle assessment (LCA). Experimental data of both scenarios were experimentally collected. The functional unit used was one ton of organic waste. Ammonia, methane and nitrous oxide released from home composting (HC) were more than five times higher than those of industrial composting (IC) but the latter involved within 2 and 53 times more consumption or generation of transport, energy, water, infrastructures, waste and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) emissions than HC. Therefore, results indicated that IC was more impacting than HC for four of the impact categories considered (abiotic depletion, ozone layer depletion, photochemical oxidation and cumulative energy demand) and less impacting for the other three (acidification, eutrophication and global warming). Production of composting bin and gaseous emissions are the main responsible for the HC impacts, whereas for IC the main contributions come from collection and transportation of organic waste, electricity consumption, dumped waste and VOCs emission. These results suggest that HC may be an interesting alternative or complement to IC in low density areas of population.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CTM2009-14073-C02-01
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; submittedVersion
Subject: Life cycle assessment ; Environmental impacts ; Organic fraction of municipal solid waste ; Gaseous emissions ; Home composting ; Industrial composting.
Published in: Waste management, Vol. 30, Issue 6 (June 2010) , p. 983-994, ISSN 0956-053X

DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2010.02.023


Pre-print
40 p, 598.3 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Engineering > Composting Research Group (GICOM)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2016-09-08, last modified 2020-02-08



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