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Determination of the energy and environmental burdens associated to the biological treatment of source-separated municipal solid wastes
Colón Jordà, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Cadena Martínez, Erasmo (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Pognani, Michele (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química)
Barrena Gómez, Raquel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Sánchez Ferrer, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Font i Segura, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Artola Casacuberta, Adriana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)

Date: 2012
Abstract: Environmental burdens of four different full-scale facilities treating source-separated organic fraction of Municipal Solid Wastes (OFMSW) have been experimentally evaluated. The studied facilities include different composting technologies and also anaerobic digestion plus composting. Home composting, as an alternative to OFMSW management, was also included in the study. Energy (electricity and diesel), water consumption and emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOC), ammonia, methane and nitrous oxide have been measured for each process. Energy consumption ranged between 235 and 870 MJ Mg OFMSW⁻¹ while the emissions of the different contaminants considered per Mg OFMSW were in the range of 0. 36–8. 9 kg VOC, 0. 23–8. 63 kg NH₃, 0. 34–4. 37 kg CH₄ and 0. 035–0. 251 kg N₂O, respectively. Environmental burdens of each facility are also analyzed from the point of view of process efficiency (i. e. organic matter stabilization degree achieved, calculated as the reduction of the Dynamic Respiration Index (DRI) of the waste treated). This study is performed through two new indices: Respiration Index Efficiency (RIE), which includes the reduction in the DRI achieved by the treatment process and Quality and Respiration Index Efficiency (QRIE), which also includes the quality of the end product. Finally, a Life Cycle Assessment is performed using the Respiration Index Efficiency (RIE) as the novel functional unit instead of the classical LCA approach based on the total mass treated.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/CTM2009-14073-C02-01
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/SUDOE/SOE2/P2/E377
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; submittedVersion
Subject: Biological treatment ; Municipal solid wastes
Published in: Energy and environmental science, Vol. 5, Issue 2 (February 2012) , p. 5731–5741, ISSN 1754-5692

DOI: 10.1039/C2EE01085B


Pre-print
36 p, 603.8 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Engineering > Composting Research Group (GICOM)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2016-09-12, last modified 2019-07-10



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