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Mapping ecosystem service capacity, flow and demand for landscape and urban planning: A case study in the Barcelona metropolitan region
Baró Porras, Francesc (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Palomo, Ignacio (Basque Centre for Climate Change (Bilbao))
Zulian, Grazia (Institute for Environment and Sustainability (Itàlia))
Vizcaino, Pilar (European Commission. Joint Research Centre)
Haase, Dagmar (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (Alemanya). Department of Computational Landscape Ecology,)
Gómez-Baggethun, Erik (Norwegian University of Life Sciences. Department of International Environment and Development Studies (Noragric))

Date: 2016
Abstract: Ecosystem services (ES) mapping is attracting growing interest from landscape and urban planning, but its operationalization in actual decision-making is still limited. A clear distinction between ES capacity, flow and demand can improve the usefulness of ES mapping as a decision-support tool by informing planners and policy-makers where ES are used unsustainably and where ES flow is failing to meet societal demand. This paper advances a framework for mapping and assessing the relationships between ES capacity, flow and demand with a focus on the identification of unsatisfied demand. The framework was tested in the Barcelona metropolitan region, Spain, considering two ES of critical relevance for the urban population: air purification and outdoor recreation. For both ES, spatial indicators of capacity, flow, demand and unsatisfied demand were developed using proxy- and process-based models. The results show a consistent spatial pattern of all these components along the urban-rural gradient for the two ES assessed. The flow of both ES mainly takes place in the periurban green areas whereas the highest capacity values are mostly found in the protected areas located on the outskirts of the metropolitan region. As expected, ES demand and particularly unsatisfied demand are mostly situated in the main urban core (i. e. , Barcelona and adjacent cities). Our assessment also reveals that the current landscape planning instrument for the metropolitan region mostly protects areas with high capacity to provide ES, but might lead to declining ES flows in periurban areas due to future urban developments. We contend that the mapping of ES capacity, flow and demand can contribute to the successful integration of the ES approach in landscape and urban planning because it provides a comprehensive picture of the ES delivery process, considering both ecological and social underlying factors. However, we identify three main issues that should be better addressed in future research: (1) improvement of ES demand indicators using participatory methods; (2) integration of ecological thresholds into the analysis; and (3) use of a multi-scale approach that covers both the local and regional planning levels and cross-scale interactions between them.
Note: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Note: Grups de recerca: Laboratori d'Anàlisi de Sistemes Socioecològics en la Globalització (LASEG) Barcelona Lab for Urban Environmental Justice and Sustainability (BCNUEJ)
Note: Erik Gómez-Baggethun thanks the NILS program on Science and Sustainability of the EEA 732 Financial Mechanism (028-ABEL-IM-2014B) for partial funding for this research.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/308428
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/603567
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MICINN/PRI-PIMBDV-2011-1179
Rights: Tots els drets reservats
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Air purification ; Ecosystem service mismatch ; Outdoor recreation ; Urban-rural gradient ; Spatial modeling
Published in: Land Use Policy, Vol. 57 (November 2016) , p. 405-417, ISSN 0264-8377

DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.06.006


Available from: 2019-11-30
Post-print

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2017-04-12, last modified 2019-07-21



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