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Application of a diagnostic algorithm for the rare deficient variant Mmalton of alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency : a new approach
Belmonte, Irene (Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR))
Barrecheguren Fernández, Miriam (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron)
López-Martínez, Rosa M (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron)
Esquinas, Cristina (Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron)
Rodríguez, Esther (CIBER of Respiratory Diseases)
Miravitlles, Marc (CIBER of Respiratory Diseases)
Rodríguez-Frías, Francisco (CIBER of Liver and Digestive Diseases. Instituto Nacional de Salud Carlos III)
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Date: 2016
Abstract: Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is associated with a high risk for the development of early-onset emphysema and liver disease. A large majority of subjects with severe AATD carry the ZZ genotype, which can be easily detected. Another rare pathologic variant, the Mmalton allele, causes a deficiency similar to that of the Z variant, but it is not easily recognizable and its detection seems to be underestimated. Therefore, we have included a rapid allele-specific genotyping assay for the detection of the Mmalton variant in the diagnostic algorithm of AATD used in our laboratory. The objective of this study was to test the usefulness of this new algorithm for Mmalton detection. We performed a retrospective revision of all AATD determinations carried out in our laboratory over 2 years using the new diagnostic algorithm. Samples with a phenotype showing one or two M alleles and AAT levels discordant with that phenotype were analyzed using the Mmalton allele-specific genotyping assay. We detected 49 samples with discordant AAT levels; 44 had the MM and five the MS phenotype. In nine of these samples, a single rare Mmalton variant was detected. During the study period, two family screenings were performed and four additional Mmalton variants were identified. The incorporation of the Mmalton allele-specific genotyping assay in the diagnostic algorithm of AATD resulted in a faster and cheaper method to detect this allele and avoided a significant delay in diagnosis when a sequencing assay was required. This methodology can be adapted to other rare variants. Standardized algorithms are required to obtain conclusive data of the real incidence of rare AAT alleles in each region.
Note: Ajuts: grant from the Fundación Catalana de Pneumología (FUCAP 2014), funding from Grifols to the Catalan Center for Research in AATD of the Vall d'Hebron Research Institute
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Rare variant ; Emphysema ; Genotyping ; Phenotyping ; Serum levels
Published in: International journal of COPD, Vol. 11, Num. 1 (October 2016) , p. 2535-2541, ISSN 1178-2005

DOI: 10.2147/COPD.S115940
PMID: 27877030

7 p, 339.5 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-02-07, last modified 2020-11-09

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