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Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults : a population-based study
Wagner, Katia Jakovljevic Pudla (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Brasil)
Bastos, João Luiz Dornelles (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva. Departamento de Saúde Pública. Florianópolis, SC, Brasil)
Navarro Giné, Albert (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Pediatria, Obstetrícia i Ginecologia i Medicina Preventiva i Salut Pública)
Gonzalez-Chica, David Alejandro (The University of Adelaide School of Population Health. Adelaide, Australia)
Boing, Antonio Fernando (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva. Departamento de Saúde Pública. Florianópolis, SC, Brasil)

Date: 2018
Abstract: To test whether there is an association between socioeconomic status in childhood and measures of body mass index, waist circumference and the presence of overall and abdominal obesity in adult life. A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort study, including a sample of adults (22-63 years old) living in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The socioeconomic status in childhood was analyzed through the education level of the participant's parents. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured by previously trained interviewers. Linear and logistic regressions with adjustment for confounding factors and stratification of data according to gender were used. Of the 1,222 adults evaluated, 20. 4% (95%CI 18. 1-22. 8) presented overall obesity and 24. 8% (95%CI 22. 4-27. 4), abdominal obesity. The body mass index and waist circumference averages among women were, respectively, 1. 2 kg/m 2 (95%CI -2. 3- -0. 04) and 2. 8 cm (95%CI -5. 3- -0. 2) lower among those with higher socioeconomic status in childhood. Among men, waist circumference was 3. 9 cm (95%CI 1. 0-6. 8) higher in individuals with higher socioeconomic status in childhood. Regarding obesity, women of higher socioeconomic status in childhood had lower odds of abdominal obesity (OR = 0. 56, 95%CI 0. 34-0. 90), and no such association was observed among men. The socioeconomic status in childhood influences body mass index, waist circumference and obesity in adults, with a difference in the direction of association according to gender. The higher socioeconomic status among men and the lower socioeconomic status among women were associated with higher adiposity indicators.
Note: Altres ajuts: Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq - Process 485327/2007-4 and 477061/20109).
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Adult ; Obesity, epidemiology ; Risk Factors ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Cross-Sectional Studies
Published in: Revista de Saúde Pública, Vol. 52 (february 2018) , ISSN 1518-8787

DOI: 10.11606/S1518-8787.2018052000123
PMID: 29489991


10 p, 187.5 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-03-06, last modified 2021-04-06



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