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Microwave encoders for chipless RFID and angular velocity sensors based on S-shaped split ring resonators
Herrojo, Cristian (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Mata Contreras, Francisco Javier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Paredes, Ferran (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)
Martín, Ferran, (Martín Antolín) (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Electrònica)

Fecha: 2017
Resumen: In this paper, it is demonstrated that a chain of S-shaped split ring resonators (S-SRRs) etched on a dielectric substrate can modulate the amplitude of a carrier signal injected to a transmission line (a coplanar waveguide (CPW). To this end, the S-SRR chain must be transversally displaced above the CPW, in close proximity to it. By this means, the transmission coefficient of the line is modulated by the time-varying electromagnetic (inductive) coupling between the line and the S-SRRs of the chain, related to their relative motion. Based on this principle, two different applications can be envisaged: 1) angular velocity sensors and 2) near-field chipless radiofrequency identification (chipless-RFID) tags. In the former application, the S-SRR chain is circularly shaped and the S-SRRs are distributed uniformly along the perimeter of the rotor, at equidistant positions. By this means, the amplitude-modulated signal generated by rotor motion exhibits envelope peaks, whose distance is related to the angular velocity of the rotor. In the use of S-SRRs as microwave encoders for chipless RFID tags, not all the S-SRRs of the chain are present. Their presence or absence at the predefined (equidistant) positions is related to the logic state "1" or "0. " Tag reading is sequential, and it is achieved through tag motion (at constant velocity) above the reader, a CPW transmission line fed by a carrier signal. The ID code is contained in the envelope function of the resulting amplitude modulated signal, which can be obtained by means of an envelope detector. With the proposed approach, a high number of pulses in angular velocity sensors can be achieved (with direct impact on angle resolution and sensitivity to changes in instantaneous rotation speed). Moreover, chipless-RFID tags with unprecedented number of bits can be obtained. The proposed angular velocity sensors can be useful in space environments, whereas the chipless-RFID systems based on the proposed tags are useful in applications where reading range can be sacrificed in favor of high data capacity (large number of bits), e. g. , security and authentication.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/RTC-2014-2550-7
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/BES-2014-068164
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/TEC2013-40600-R
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014SGR-157
Derechos: Tots els drets reservats
Lengua: Anglès
Documento: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Materia: Angular velocity sensors ; Chipless RFID ; Coplanar waveguide ; S-shaped split ring resonators (S-SRRs)
Publicado en: IEEE sensors journal, Vol. 17 issue 15 (Aug. 2017) , p. 4805-4813, ISSN 1530-437X

DOI: 10.1109/JSEN.2017.2715982


Postprint
9 p, 1.5 MB

El registro aparece en las colecciones:
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ingeniería > CIMITEC-UAB
Artículos > Artículos de investigación
Artículos > Artículos publicados

 Registro creado el 2018-03-07, última modificación el 2020-08-09



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