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Finite element analysis of the Cingulata jaw : an ecomorphological approach to armadillo's diets
Serrano-Fochs, Sílvia (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
De Esteban-Trivigno, Soledad (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Marcé Nogué, Jordi (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Fortuny Terricabras, Josep (Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont)
Fariña, Richard A. (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias)

Date: 2015
Abstract: Finite element analyses (FEA) were applied to assess the lower jaw biomechanics of cingulate xenarthrans: 14 species of armadillos as well as one Pleistocene pampathere (11 extant taxa and the extinct forms Vassallia, Eutatus and Macroeuphractus). The principal goal of this work is to comparatively assess the biomechanical capabilities of the mandible based on FEA and to relate the obtained stress patterns with diet preferences and variability, in extant and extinct species through an ecomorphology approach. The results of FEA showed that omnivorous species have stronger mandibles than insectivorous species. Moreover, this latter group of species showed high variability, including some similar biomechanical features of the insectivorous Tolypeutes matacus and Chlamyphorus truncatus to those of omnivorous species, in agreement with reported diets that include items other than insects. It remains unclear the reasons behind the stronger than expected lower jaw of Dasypus kappleri. On the other hand, the very strong mandible of the fossil taxon Vassallia maxima agrees well with the proposed herbivorous diet. Moreover, Eutatus seguini yielded a stress pattern similar to Vassalia in the posterior part of the lower jaw, but resembling that of the stoutly built Macroeuphractus outesi in the anterior part. The results highlight the need for more detailed studies on the natural history of extant armadillos. FEA proved a powerful tool for biomechanical studies in a comparative framework.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/FP7/226506
Note: Altres ajuts: SYNTHESYS Project http://www.synthesys.info/, financed by European Community Research Infrastructure Action under the FP6 "Structuring the European Research Area" (DE-TAF-2273)i(FR-TAF-2323)
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Published in: PloS one, Vol. 10, issue 6 (April 2015) , e0120653, ISSN 1932-6203

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0120653
PMID: 25919313

21 p, 3.4 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont (ICP)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-07-24, last modified 2019-11-07

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