Web of Science: 4 citations, Scopus: 4 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
The metabolism of oil extraction : a bottom-up approach applied to the case of Ecuador
Parra, Rony (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Di Felice, Louisa Jane (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Giampietro, Mario (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Ramos Martín, Jesús (Universidad Regional Amazónica Ikiam. Grupo de Población y Ambiente)

Date: 2018
Abstract: The global energy system is highly dependent on fossil fuels, which covered approximately 90% of primary energy sources in 2016. As the quality and quantity of oil extracted changes, in response to changes in end uses and in response to biophysical limitations, it is important to understand the metabolism of oil extraction - i. e. the relation between the inputs used and the output extracted. We formalize a methodology to describe oil extraction based on the distinction between functional and structural elements, using the Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism (MuSIASEM) to generate a diagnostic of the performance of oil extraction and to build scenarios. The analysis allows generating modular benchmarks which are applicable to other countries. It is shown that oil extraction in Ecuador consumes, per cubic meter of crude oil extracted, over 100 kWh of electricity and 1. 5 GJ of fuels, requiring 3 kW of power capacity and 2 h of human activity. A scenario is developed to check the effects on Ecuador's metabolic pattern of an increase in oil production over the next five years. The strength of the proposed methodology is highlighted, focusing on the adaptability of the method for dealing with policy issues.
Note: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/689669
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/MDM-2015-0552
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció HAR2016-76814-C2-1-P
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Oil extraction ; MuSIASEM ; Ecuador ; Metabolism ; Complexity
Published in: Energy policy, Vol. 122 (Nov. 2018) , p. 63-74, ISSN 0301-4215

DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.07.017

Available from: 2020-11-30

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA) > Integrated Assessment: Sociology, Technology and the Environment (IASTE)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-08-16, last modified 2020-04-25

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