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Valorization of soy waste through SSF for the production of compost enriched with B. thuringiensis with biopesticide properties
Ballardo Matos, Cindy Vanessa (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Abraham, Juliana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Barrena Gómez, Raquel (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Artola Casacuberta, Adriana (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Gea Leiva, Teresa (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)
Sánchez Ferrer, Antoni (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Enginyeria Química, Biològica i Ambiental)

Date: 2016
Abstract: There is a growing generation of biodegradable wastes from different human activities from industrial to agricultural including home and recreational activities. On the other hand, agricultural and horticultural activities require significant amounts of organic amendments and pesticides. In this framework, the present study evaluates the viability of soy fiber residue valorization as organic soil amendment with biopesticide properties through aerobic solid-state fermentation (SSF) in the presence of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The experiments were performed first under sterile and non-sterile conditions at lab scale using 115 g of sample and controlled temperature (30 °C). Bt growth was successful in sterile conditions, obtaining 6. 2 × 10¹¹ CFU g⁻¹ DM and 8. 6 × 10¹⁰ spores g⁻¹ DM after 6 days. Bt survived on solid culture under non-sterile conditions (3. 8 × 109 CFU g⁻¹ DM and 1. 3 × 10⁸ spores g⁻¹ DM). Further, the valorization process was scaled-up to 10 L reactors (2300 g) under non-sterile conditions obtaining a final stabilized material with viable Bt cells and spores (9. 5 × 107 CFU g−1 DM and 1. 1 × 108 spores g−1 DM in average) after 9 days of SSF. These results confirm the possibility of managing biodegradable wastes by their transformation to a waste derived soil amendment with enhanced biopesticide effect, in comparison to traditional compost using a valuable and low-cost technique (SSF).
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CTM2012-33663
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; submittedVersion
Subject: Waste valorization ; Soy fiber residues ; Bacillus thuringiensis ; Soil amendment ; Solid state fermentation ; Compost
Published in: Journal of environmental management, Vol. 169 (March 2016) , p. 126-131, ISSN 0301-4797

DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.12.029


Preprint
23 p, 4.4 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Engineering > Composting Research Group (GICOM)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2018-10-02, last modified 2019-07-30



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