Web of Science: 1 citas, Scopus: 2 citas, Google Scholar: citas
Increasing Cervical Cancer Screening Coverage: A randomised, Community-Based Clinical Trial
Acera Pérez, Amelia (Institut Català de la Salut)
Manresa Domínguez, Josep Maria (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament d'Infermeria)
Rodríguez Capriles, Diego (Institut Català de la Salut)
Rodríguez Martínez, Ana (Institut Català de la Salut)
Bonet Simó, Josep Maria (Institut Català de la Salut)
Trapero Bertrán, Marta (Universitat Pompeu Fabra. Centre de Recerca en Economia i Salut (CRES))
Hidalgo Valls, Pablo (Institut Català de la Salut)
Sánchez Sánchez, Norman (Institut Català de la Salut)
de Sanjosé, Silvia (Institut Català d'Oncologia-IDIBELL)

Fecha: 2017
Resumen: Background. Opportunistic cervical cancer screening can lead to suboptimal screening coverage. Coverage could be increased after a personalised invitation to the target population. We present a community randomized intervention study with three strategies aiming to increase screening coverage. Methods. The CRICERVA study is a community-based clinical trial to improve coverage of population based screening in the Cerdanyola SAP area in Barcelona. A total of 32,858 women residing in the study area, aged 30 to 70 years were evaluated. A total of 15,965 women were identified as having no registration of a cervical cytology in the last 3. 5 years within the Public Health data base system. Eligible women were assigned to one of four community randomized intervention groups (IGs): (1) (IG1 N = 4197) personalised invitation letter, (2) (IG2 N =3601) personalised invitation letter + informative leaflet, (3) (IG3 N = 6088) personalised invitation letter + informative leaflet + personalised phone call and (4) (Control N = 2079) based on spontaneous demand of cervical cancer screening as officially recommended. To evaluate screening coverage, we used heterogeneity tests to compare impact of the interventions and mixed logistic regression models to assess the age effect. We refer a ªrescueº visit as the screening visit resulting from the study invitation. Results. Among the 13,886 women in the IGs, 2,862 were evaluated as having an adequate screening history after the initial contact; 4,263 were lost to follow-up and 5,341 were identified as having insufficient screening and thus being eligible for a rescue visit. All intervention strategies significantly increased participation to screening compared to the control group. Coverage after the intervention reached 84. 1% while the control group reached 64. 8%. The final impact of our study was an increase of 20% in the three IGs and of 9% in the control group (p<0. 001). Within the intervention arms, age was an important determinant of rescue visits showing a statistical interaction with the coverage attained in the IGs. Within the intervention groups, final screening coverage was significantly higher in IG3 (84. 4%) (p<0. 001). However, the differences were more substantial in the age groups 50±59 and those 60+. The highest impact of the IG3 intervention was observed among women 60+ y. o with 32. 0% of them being rescued for screening. The lowest impact of the interventions was in younger women.
Resumen: Conclusions. The study confirms that using individual contact methods and assigning a fixed screening date notably increases participation in screening. The response to the invitation is strongly dependent on age.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/PI10/01275
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció ISCIII/RD06/0020/0095
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció ISCIII/RD12/0036/0056
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014SGR2016
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció AGAUR/2014SGR1077
Nota: Altres ajuts: The project received a research grant from the Carlos III Institute of Health, Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Spain), awarded on the 2010 call under the Health Strategy Action 2013-16, within the National Research Program oriented to Societal Challenges within the Technical, Scientific and Innovation Research National Plan 2013-16 with reference PI10/01275 co-funded with European Union ERDF funds. Additional support was provided by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), public grants from the Carlos III Institute of Health (RTIC RD06/0020/0095 RD12/0036/0056 and CIBERESP) and the Agència de Gestió d’Ajuts Universitaris i de Recerca (grants AGAUR 2014SGR1077 and 2014SGR2016) and the Primary Health Care Unit IDIAP Jordi Gol and the Catalan Institute of Health resolved 07/04/2014.
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Publicado en: Plos one, 2017, p. 1-11

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170371
PMID: 28118410


11 p, 1.0 MB

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