Generalized compensation principle
Tsyvinski, Aleh
Werquin, Nicolas

Fecha: 2018
Resumen: We generalize the classic concept of compensating variation and the welfare compensation principle to a general equilibrium environment with distortionary taxes. We derive in closed-form the solution to the problem of designing a tax reform that compensates the welfare gains and losses induced by an arbitrary economic disruption. In partial equilibrium, average taxes simply increase or decrease to counteract the revenue gains or losses caused by the disruption. In general equilibrium, the compensation features three elements that depart from this benchmark and respectively account for (i) the incidence of the initial exogenous shock, and the fact that the tax reform itself induces indirect welfare effects caused by (ii) the non-constant marginal product of labor and (iii) the skill complementarities in production. This leads to a progressive compensating tax reform, with average tax rates increasing at a rate given by the ratio of the elasticity of labor demand and the elasticity of labor supply net of the rate of progressivity of the pre-existing tax code. We also derive a closed form formula for the fiscal surplus of the wage disruption and the compensation, thus generalizing the traditional Kaldor-Hicks criterion. Finally, we apply our formula to the compensation of automation: in the U. S. , one additional robot per thousand workers requires a reduction (resp. , increase) in the average tax rate at the 10th (resp. , 90th) percentile of the income distribution equal to 2 percentage points (resp. , 0. 5 pp).
Resumen: The ADEMU Working Paper Series is being supported by the European Commission Horizon 2020 European Union funding for Research & Innovation, grant agreement No 649396.
Nota: Número d'acord de subvenció EC/H2020/649396
Derechos: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Lengua: Anglès.
Colección: Barcelona Graduate School of Economics: ADEMU working paper series
Colección: ADEMU Working Paper Series ; 137
Documento: workingPaper
Materia: Income taxation ; Compensation principle ; General equilibrium ; Wage disruption ; Robots

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 Registro creado el 2018-10-23, última modificación el 2018-11-12

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