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Demographic transitions and socioeconomic development in Italy, 1862-2009 : a brief overview
Salvati, Luca (Council of Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA). Research Centre for Forestry and Wood)
Carlucci, M. (Sapienza Università di Roma. Dipartimento di Scienze Sociali ed Economiche)
Serra Ruiz, Pere (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Geografia)
Zambon, Ilaria (Università degli studi della Tuscia. Dipartimento per l'Innovazione nei sistemi Biologici, Agroalimentari e Forestali)

Date: 2019
Abstract: The present study investigates long-term population dynamics in Italy, 1862-2009, in light of Demographic Transitions (DTs). Under the assumption that DTs are multidimensional processes of change involving several aspects, including population structure and dynamics, an exploratory analysis was carried out in this study to verify temporal coherency of 15 indicators in Italy, identifying homogeneous time periods with distinct demographic characteristics. Indicators' trends were identified using a multivariate statistical approach. The results of this study allow empirical testing of the assumption of temporal coherence between different aspects of a long-term DT, distinguishing distinctive population dynamics and the differential impact on population structure over two centuries. After a relatively long period of demographic stability, the time window encompassing the two World Wars-approximately between 1921 and 1951-was identified as a primary turning point of population dynamics in Italy; a second turning point was estimated at the beginning of the 1970s. These time intervals may represent conditions of dynamic equilibrium between demographic and socioeconomic contexts, highlighting latent system transitions. The study concludes by outlining the importance of a more effective integration of demographic transition theories into a broader sustainability framework, and implementing a diachronic analysis of political, economic, and social forces associated with population dynamics in both advanced economies and emerging countries.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Population dynamics ; Socioeconomic structure ; Exploratory data analysis ; Italy
Published in: Sustainability, Vol. 11, núm. 1 (june 2019) , p. 242, ISSN 2071-1050

DOI: 10.3390/su11010242

12 p, 928.9 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Grupo de Investigación Métodos y Aplicaciones en Teledetección y Sistemas de Información Geográfica (GRUMETS)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-01-14, last modified 2019-03-04

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