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High overlap between traditional ecological knowledge and forest conservation found in the Bolivian Amazon
Paneque-Gálvez, Jaime (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
Pérez-Llorente, Irene (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
Luz, Ana Catarina (Universidade de Lisboa)
Guèze, Maximilien (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Mas, Jean-François (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México)
Macía, Manuel (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)
Orta Martínez, Martí (Universitat de Vic)
Reyes-García, Victòria (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals)
Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats

Date: 2018
Abstract: It has been suggested that traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) may play a key role in forest conservation. However, empirical studies assessing to what extent TEK is associated with forest conservation compared with other variables are rare. Furthermore, to our knowledge, the spatial overlap of TEK and forest conservation has not been evaluated at fine scales. In this paper, we address both issues through a case study with Tsimane' Amerindians in the Bolivian Amazon. We sampled 624 households across 59 villages to estimate TEK and used remote sensing data to assess forest conservation. We ran statistical and spatial analyses to evaluate whether TEK was associated and spatially overlapped with forest conservation at the village level. We find that Tsimane' TEK is significantly and positively associated with forest conservation although acculturation variables bear stronger and negative associations with forest conservation. We also find a very significant spatial overlap between levels of Tsimane' TEK and forest conservation. We discuss the potential reasons underpinning our results, which provide insights that may be useful for informing policies in the realms of development, conservation, and climate. We posit that the protection of indigenous cultural systems is vital and urgent to create more effective policies in such realms.
Note: Unidad de excelencia María de Maeztu MdM-2015-0552
Note: Altres ajuts: FBBVA research grant (BIOCON_06_106-07)
Rights: Tots els drets reservats.
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; acceptedVersion
Subject: Biocultural conservation ; Bolivian lowlands ; Ethnobotanical knowledge ; Forest fragmentation ; Indigenous knowledge systems ; Indigenous acculturation
Published in: Ambio: a journal of the human environment, Vol. 47, Issue 8 (December 2018) , p.908-923, ISSN 1654-7209

DOI: 10.1007/s13280-018-1040-0
PMID: 29532402


Available from: 2019-12-31
Postprint

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Institut de Ciència i Tecnologia Ambientals (ICTA)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-01-23, last modified 2019-09-17



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