Web of Science: 1 citations, Scopus: 2 citations, Google Scholar: citations,
Mother’s educational level and single motherhood : comparing Spain and Italy
Garriga, Anna (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)
Sarasa Urdiola, Sebastián (Universitat Pompeu Fabra)
Berta. Paolo (Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca)

Date: 2015
Abstract: Background: During the second half of the 20th century there was a positive relationship between single parenthood and the mother’s educational level in Spain and Italy. Objective: However, several important transformations contemplated by Goode (1993) and McLanahan (2004) suggest that this relationship may have been inverted in Spain but perhaps not in Italy. The purpose of our study is to test this hypothesis. Methods: We use EU_SILC data from waves 2005 and 2011 and logistic regressions. Results: We found the relationship between the mother’s educational level and being a single mother is negative in Spain, while it is not significant in Italy. However, we found that for Italian mothers aged 40 and younger and mothers from northwest Italy, this relationship is also negative. By contrast, for older mothers and mothers from the islands or southern Italy, this association is positive. Meanwhile, for mothers from the central and northeast regions, the relationship between educational level and single motherhood is not significant. Conclusions: These results show how Spain and some parts of Italian society are moving towards family models similar to those in the Northern European countries. As Sara McLanahan (2004) noted for the United States, this social transformation in Southern Europe cannot be considered without recognizing the potential negative consequence for future generations. The single-mother households dealing with the economic crisis that started in 2008 have lower socioeconomic backgrounds than the single mothers who suffered through previous crises, and therefore the consequences of this crisis for children in single-parent families might be even more negative, especially in Spain.
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CSO2013-43461-R
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció MINECO/CSO2012-33476
Note: Número d'acord de subvenció RecerCaixa/2012-PRO8113
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Economic crisis in Southern Europe ; European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) ; Family change in Mediterranean countries ; Family structure ; Italy ; Mother's educational level ; Regions ; Sociodemographic composition ; Spain
Published in: Demographic research, Vol. 33 Núm. 42 (2015) , p. 1165-1210, ISSN 1435-9871

DOI: 10.4054/DemRes.2015.33.42

48 p, 489.9 KB

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-02-12, last modified 2019-03-08

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