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Chicken or the Egg : The Reciprocal Association Between Feeding Behavior and Animal Welfare and Their Impact on Productivity in Dairy Cows
Llonch, Pol (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona)
Mainau Brunsó, Eva (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)
Ipharraguerre, Ignacio R. (Innovation Division, Lucta S.A)
Bargo, Fernando (Innovation Division, Lucta S.A)
Tedó, Gemma (Innovation Division, Lucta S.A)
Blanch, Marta (Innovation Division, Lucta S.A)
Manteca Vilanova, Xavier (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Ciència Animal i dels Aliments)

Date: 2018
Abstract: Feeding behavior in dairy cattle has a significant impact on feed efficiency, which is important for increasing the profitability of livestock and, at the same time, reducing the environmental impact. Feeding behavior can be measured by feeding time, meal duration, meal frequency, feeding rate, and rumination time. Higher feed intake is related to lower feed efficiency; whereas, an increase in feeding time facilitates chewing, reduces feed particle size and increases its digestibility. More frequent and shorter meals are usually associated with a more efficient use of feed due to improvement of feed digestibility. Rumination time is positively associated with milk production. Impaired health is associated with variations in feeding behavior, which can be used to identify and predict some diseases such as ketosis, mastitis, or lameness. Changes in rumination time are also a reliable indicator of mastitis, lameness, ketosis, abomasal displacement, and the onset of calving. In addition to the cause-effect relationship between disease and changes in feeding behavior, there are also some cases in which changes in feeding behavior may lead to an increased risk of disease, as exemplified by the relationship of feeding rate with sub-acute ruminal acidosis. Feeding behavior is regulated by internal and external factors and some of them are relevant for animal welfare. The main welfare-associated factors influencing feeding behavior are social behavior and temperament, and environmental effects. Cattle are social animals and hierarchy has a notable impact on feeding behavior, especially when access to feed is limited. Competition for feed causes a reduction in the average feeding time but increases feeding rate. Excitable animals visit the feeder more often and spend less time per meal. High environmental temperature affects feeding behavior, as heat-stressed cattle change their feeding pattern by concentrating the feeding events in crepuscular hours, leading to an increased risk of sub-acute ruminal acidosis. In conclusion, feeding behavior is a determinant feature for improving efficiency, productivity and welfare of dairy cattle. Routine assessment of feeding behavior allows monitoring of health and production status of dairy cattle at the individual and farm level, which is a useful tool to optimize the management of livestock.
Note: Ajuts: TECSPR15-1-0040 of ACCIÓ funded by the Generalitat de Catalunya
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Dairy cattle ; Feeding behavior ; Feed efficiency ; Productivity ; Welfare
Published in: Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Vol. 5 (December 2018) , art. 305, ISSN 2297-1769

PMID: 30568940
DOI: 10.3389/fvets.2018.00305


11 p, 1.1 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-06-03, last modified 2019-08-01



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