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Synthesis and characterization of porous sulfur/MWCNTs composites with improved performance and safety as cathodes for Li-S batteries
Fedorkova, Andrea Strakova (P.J. Šafárik University)
Kazda, Tomas (Brno University of Technology. Department of Electrical and Electronic Technology)
Gavalierova, Katarina (P.J. Šafárik University)
Gómez Romero, Pedro (Institut Català de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia)
Shembel, Elena (Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology)

Date: 2018
Abstract: Sulfur-carbon (S-C-MWCNTs) composites and sulfur-LiFePO4 (S-LFP-MWCNTs) composites were synthesised with MWCNTs additive by sulfur sublimation and solid state reaction. As prepared materials are characterized with scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, FTIR, elemental analysis, XPS, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge tests. The composite S-LFP cathode with MWCNTs additive shows improved discharge capacity and performance. It shows an initial discharge capacity of 1167 mAh/g-sulfur, or 70% of theoretical capacity. The discharge capacity measured after 20 cycles for S-LFP-MWCNTs composite cathode was 80% of the initial capacity and remained stable. After 160 charge/discharge tests, the cathode displays a stable capacity of 561 mAh/g-sulfur at the C-rate of 0. 2 C. Combination of sulfur, LiFePO and MWCNTs prevents aggregation and volume change of the cathode particles and improves the conductivity and electrochemical stability during the long-term cycling. 3-D FTIR spectroscopy measurements confirmed improved chemical stability and safety of sulfur composites also at higher temperatures.
Rights: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, fins i tot amb finalitats comercials, sempre i quan es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. Creative Commons
Language: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Subject: Sulfur composite cathode ; Lithium batteries ; LiFePO4 ; Multi-wall carbon nanotubes
Published in: International journal of electrochemical science, Vol. 13, Issue 1 (January 2018) , p. 551-562, ISSN 1452-3981

DOI: 10.20964/2018.01.67

12 p, 1.5 MB

The record appears in these collections:
Research literature > UAB research groups literature > Research Centres and Groups (scientific output) > Experimental sciences > Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2)
Articles > Research articles
Articles > Published articles

 Record created 2019-06-03, last modified 2019-11-05

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