Historical land-use legacy and Cortaderia selloana invasion in the Mediterranean region
Domènech i Masons, Roser (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i Aplicacions Forestals)
Pino i Vilalta, Joan (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d'Ecologia)

Fecha: 2005
Resumen: Two major components of global change: land-use changes and intentional or accidental species introduction are threatening the conservation of native species worldwide. In particular, Mediterranean coastal areas are highly susceptible to the invasion of alien species and they also have experienced major changes in land use such as agricultural abandonment and urbanization. However, there has been little research done which quantitatively links biological invasions and the components of land-use changes (i. e. number, trajectory and direction of the changes). We analysed the current distribution and abundance of Cortaderia selloana (Schultes et Schultes fil. ) Asch. et Graebner, an alien ornamental species, in 332 fields in Aiguamolls de l'Empordà (Catalonia, NE Spain) and related the patterns of invasion to spatiotemporal data on land-use changes from 1956 to 2003. Our aim was to determine which land uses had been more susceptible to C. selloana invasion during the last 5 years and to find out which components of land-use changes triggered invasion. We found that 22. 30% of the fields are currently invaded. In the last 5 years, fields have triplicated the total density of C. selloana. The presence of C. selloana decreases with the distance from urban areas. Invasion is over-represented in pastures and old-fields, and it has increased with time since abandonment. The presence of C. selloana was also associated to fields that had experienced many changes in land use in the last 46 years. The most heavily invaded fields were those that were pastures in 1956 and are now old fields in 2003. On average, the largest plants are found in agricultural field margins and in fields that had a disturbed land use both in 1956 and in 2003. Furthermore, pastures had the lowest proportion of reproductive plants. Overall, current C. selloana patterns of invasion can be explained by the historical legacy of land-use changes.
Derechos: Tots els drets reservats
Lengua: Anglès.
Documento: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Materia: Agricultural fields ; Alien plant ; GIS ; Global change ; Land-use changes ; Land-use history ; Mediterranean Basin ; Old-fields ; Pampas grass ; Camps agrícoles ; Plantes exòtiques ; Canvi global ; Canvis d'ús de la terra ; Història de l'ús de la terra ; Conca del Mediterrani ; Camps antics ; Pampes ; Pastures ; Campos agrícolas ; Plantas exóticas ; Cambio global ; Cambios de uso de la tierra ; Historia del uso de la tierra ; Cuenca del Mediterráneo ; Campos antiguos ; Pampas ; Pastos
Publicado en: Global change biology, Vol. 11, Núm. 7 ( 2005) , p. 1054-1064, ISSN 1365-2486

11 p, 155.5 KB

El registro aparece en las colecciones:
Documentos de investigación > Documentos de los grupos de investigación de la UAB > Centros y grupos de investigación (producción científica) > Ciencias > CREAF (Centre de Recerca Ecològica i d'Aplicacions Forestals)
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 Registro creado el 2011-10-28, última modificación el 2019-11-05

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