Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/116294
Insights to controls on dolomitization by means of reactive transport models applied to the Benicàssim case study (Maestrat basin, E Spain)
Corbella i Cordomí, Mercè (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Geologia)
Gómez Rivas, Enrique (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Geologia)
Martín Martín, Juan Diego (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Geoquímica, Petrologia i Prospecció Geològica)
Stafford, S. L. (ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company)
Teixell Cácharo, Antonio (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Geologia)
Griera i Artigas, Albert (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Geologia)
Travé i Herrero, Anna (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Geoquímica, Petrologia i Prospecció Geològica)
Cardellach López, Esteve (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Departament de Geologia)
Salas Roig, Ramón (Universitat de Barcelona. Departament de Geoquímica, Petrologia i Prospecció Geològica)

Data: 2014
Resum: Partially dolomitized carbonate rocks of the Middle East and North America host large hydrocarbon reserves. The origin of some of the dolomites has been attributed to a hydrothermal mechanism. The Benicàssim area (Maestrat basin, E Spain) constitutes an excellent field analogue for fault-controlled stratabound hydrothermal dolomitization: dolostone geobodies are well exposed and extend over several kilometers away from seismic-scale faults. This work investigates the main controls on the formation of stratabound vs. massive dolomitization in carbonate sequences by means of 2D reactive transport models applied to the Benicàssim case study. Simulation results suggest that the dolomitization capacity of fluids is maximum at temperatures around 100ºC and minimum at 25ºC. It takes on the order of hundreds of thousands to millions of years to completely dolomitize kilometer-long limestone sections with solutions flowing laterally through strata at velocities of meters per year. Permeability differences of two orders of magnitude between layers are required to form stratabound dolomitization. The kilometer-long stratabound dolostone geobodies of Benicàssim must have formed under a regime of lateral flux higher than meters per year during about a million years. As long-term dolomitization tends to produce massive dolostone bodies not seen at Benicàssim, the dolomitizing process there must have been limited by the availability of fluid volume or the flow driving mechanism. Reactive transport simulations have proven a useful tool to quantify aspects of the Benicàssim genetic model of hydrothermal dolomitization.
Drets: Tots els drets reservats
Llengua: Anglès
Document: article ; recerca ; submittedVersion
Matèria: Hydrothermal dolomitization ; Dolomite distribution ; Reactive transport models ; Maestrat basin
Publicat a: Petroleum Geoscience, Vol. 20, Núm. 1 (Feb. 2014) , p. 41-54

DOI: 10.1144/petgeo2012-095


30 p, 314.8 KB

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