Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/158649
Gas hydrates distribution in the Shenhu Area, northern South China Sea : comparisons between the eight drilling sites with gas-hydrate petroleum system
Su, M. (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Guangzhou Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development)
Wang, H. (Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey (Guangzhou, Xina))
Sha, Z. (Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey (Guangzhou, Xina))
Liang, J. (Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey (Guangzhou, Xina))
Wu, N. (Ministry of Land and Resources (Qindao Shandong, Xina). Key Laboratory of Gas Hydrate,)
Qiao, S. (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Guangzhou Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development)
Cong, X. (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Guangzhou Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development)
Yang, R. (Chinese Academy of Sciences. Guangzhou Key Laboratory of New and Renewable Energy Research and Development)

Data: 2016
Resum: The results of the first marine gas hydrate drilling expedition of Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey (GMGS-1) in northern continental slope of the South China Sea revealed a variable distribution of gas hydrates in the Shenhu area. In this study, comparisons between the eight sites with gas-hydrate petroleum system were used to analyze and re-examine hydrate potential. In the Shenhu gas hydrate drilling area, all the sites were located in a suitable low-temperature, high-pressure environment. Biogenic and thermogenic gases contributed to the formation of hydrates. Gas chimneys and some small-scale faults (or micro-scale fractures) compose the migration pathways for gas-bearing fluids. Between these sites, there are three key differences: the seafloor temperatures and pressures; geothermal gradient and sedimentary conditions. Variations of seafloor temperatures and pressures related to water depths and geothermal gradient would lead to changes in the thickness of gas hydrate stability zones. Although the lithology and grain size of the sediments were similar, two distinct sedimentary units were identified for the first time through seismic interpretation, analysis of deep-water sedimentary processes, and the Cm pattern (plotted one-percentile and median values from grain-size analyses), implying the heterogeneous sedimentary conditions above Bottom Simulating Reflectors (BSRs). Based on the analyses of forming mechanisms and sedimentary processes, these two fine-grained sedimentary units have different physical properties. Fine-grained turbidites (Unit I) with thin-bedded chaotic reflectors at the bottom acted as the host rocks for hydrates; whereas, finegrained sediments related to soft-sediment deformation (Unit II) characterized by thick continuous reflectors at the top would serve as regional homogeneous caprocks. Low-flux methane that migrated upwards along chimneys could be enriched preferentially in fine-grained turbidites, resulting in the formation of hydrates within Unit I. However, overlying fine-grained sediments related to soft-sediment deformation would hinder the further migration of gases/fluids, causing the extremely low methane concentration in Unit I. Three of the eight sites with hydrates from recovered core samples were located within sedimentary Unit I, and the other five sites were not. Because, the most significant difference between the eight sites is the nature and type of sedimentary deposits above the BSRs, it is suggested therefore that sedimentary conditions are the crucial factor controlling the formation and occurrence of gas hydrates in the Shenhu gas hydrate drilling area, northern South China Sea.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial, la distribució, la comunicació pública de l'obra i la creació d'obres derivades, sempre i quan aquestes es distribueixin sota la mateixa llicència que regula l'obra original i es reconegui l'autoria. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Gas hydrate ; Variable distribution ; Gas-hydrate petroleum system ; Shenhu area ; Northern south china sea
Publicat a: Geologica acta, Vol. 14 Núm. 2 (June 2016) , p. 79-100 (Articles) , ISSN 1696-5728

Adreça alternativa: http://www.raco.cat/index.php/GeologicaActa/article/view/310439
DOI: 10.1344/GeologicaActa2016.14.2.1


22 p, 8.7 MB

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 Registre creat el 2016-06-29, darrera modificació el 2016-10-24



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