Per citar aquest document: http://ddd.uab.cat/record/55008
Radioisotopes as political instruments, 1946–1953
Creager, Angela N. H.

Data: 2009
Resum: The development of nuclear «piles», soon called reactors, in the Manhattan Project provided a new technology for manufacturing radioactive isotopes. Radioisotopes, unstable variants of chemical elements that give off detectable radiation upon decay, were available in small amounts for use in research and therapy before World War II. In 1946, the U. S. government began utilizing one of its first reactors, dubbed X-10 at Oak Ridge, as a production facility for radioisotopes available for purchase to civilian institutions. This program of the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission was meant to exemplify the peacetime dividends of atomic energy. The numerous requests from scientists outside the United States, however, sparked a political debate about whether the Commission should or even could export radioisotopes. This controversy manifested the tension in U. S. politics between scientific internationalism as a tool of diplomacy, associated with the aims of the Marshall Plan, and the desire to safeguard the country’s atomic monopoly at all costs, linked to American anti-Communism. This essay examines the various ways in which radioisotopes were used as political instruments —both by the U. S. federal government in world affairs, and by critics of the civilian control of atomic energy— in the early Cold War.
Drets: Aquest document està subjecte a una llicència d'ús Creative Commons. Es permet la reproducció total o parcial i la comunicació pública de l'obra, sempre que no sigui amb finalitats comercials, i sempre que es reconegui l'autoria de l'obra original. No es permet la creació d'obres derivades. Creative Commons
Llengua: Anglès.
Document: article ; recerca ; publishedVersion
Matèria: Comissió d'Energia Atòmica d'Estats Units ; Radioisòtops ; Projecte Manhattan ; Energia atòmica ; Biologia ; Comisión de Energía Atómica de Estados Unidos ; Radioisótopos ; Proyecto Manhattan ; Energía atómica ; Biología ; Medicina ; David Lilienthal ; Lewis Strauss ; United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) ; Radioisotopes ; Manhattan Project ; Atomic energy ; Biology ; Medicine
Publicat a: Dynamis : Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque. Historiam Illustrandam, Vol. 29, Núm. (2009) , p. 219-239, ISSN 0211-9536

Adreça alternativa: http://www.raco.cat/index.php/Dynamis/article/view/136835
DOI: 10.4321/S0211-95362009000100010


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